However many South Carolinians continued to engage in making distributing or

However many south carolinians continued to engage in

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However, many South Carolinians continued to engage in making, distributing or drinking illegal alcohol, as did other people throughout the United States. Women were active in Progressive reform but were not able to gain support for their right to vote ( suffrage ). Women promoted prohibition, education reforms, and fostered civic responsibility. Women in South Carolina did not rally much support for their right to vote even when the movement gained some support during WWI. Women engaged in marches, picketing, and being arrested in their efforts to gain suffrage. It was not until President Woodrow Wilson, who recognized the efforts of women in WWI, encouraged an amendment to the U.S. Constitution to give women their right to vote. The 19th Amendment was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification. Although the South Carolina legislature did not ratify the 19th amendment until 1967, South Carolina women were able to vote because of ratification by other states. Government reform was another concern during the Progressive Movement. Reform included support for the secret ballot, primary elections that allowed voters to select the candidates for office, direct election of Senators, and an income tax to ensure revenue to provide government services. Having all but eliminated the African American vote, middle class South Carolinians used a variety of devices to limit the political power of poor mill workers. In some places the registrar refused to qualify mill workers. In Columbia, the adoption of the city commission form of government whose members were elected at large rather than from local communities deprived the mill workers of a voice in city government. The annexation of suburbs further diluted the mill workers’ vote. Nationally the sixteenth amendment established the federal income tax. Governors Robert Cooper and Richard Manning reformed taxes and public education (more money, more time spent in school per year). Despite these efforts, graduation rates from high schools in
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