Witnesses who testified their devotion to christ by

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“witnesses” who testified their devotion to Christ by dyingrather than deny himIgnatius of Antioch:we don’t know how he diedPolycarp:when they burned him alive it smelled goodoConfessors:boldly proclaimed their faith before Roman authoritiesdevelopment of penance: gave sinners the opportunity to demonstrate theircontrition and repent for sinsevolving role of baptisms, catechumensobaptisms:adult baptism becomes commonocatechumens:students before receiving baptisms, could witness theEucharist but not receiveBenedict of Nursia,Rule:Foundation of Western montacism, self-sufficientmonastery where members practice moderate and communal asceticismoMonks could only speak when necessary, should avoid frivolous behavior(distractions from the true purpose), no possessions of their own, servedthe surrounding populationRule:rules to join the community, liked the idea of a self-sufficient monastery and moderation, no extreme fasting (2meals and a glass of wine a day and had a mattress), could onlyspeak when necessary, had no social class/ ranking except anabbot in charge, no material possessions, always open to guestsprocess of creating of acanonin early Christian history:oOrthodoxy of new teachings/practices can be judged by the extent oftheir agreement with scripture that is ‘canon’, 27 books considered canonNew TestamentCriteria: apostolicity, conformity: agrees with church standards,consensus, antiquity: older books looked more establishedRules of Faith, Apostles CreedoRules of Faith: state Christian beliefs with accuracy and concision to bestandard for preaching, instructing people, interpreting scripture.Ensured consistency and uniformityoApostles creed: standard baptismal creed in the West, more formal thanrules of faith. Meant for mass, baptisms, deaththe Trinity, Monarchianism, ditheism:othe Trinity: controversy about the nature of Jesus (God or human)oMonarchism:early attempt to deal with issue of the TrinityTwo forms:Dynamic Monarchians: believed that Jesus was notan incarnation of God just a man who God gave divine power.Modalist Monarchians: God has expressed himself at varioustimes as “father”, “son”, “holy spirit”oDitheism: speaking about the father and son as two separate entities(two separate Gods)Arius, Arian Controversy, Council of NicaeaoArius:prebyster/elder in Church of Alexandria, clashed with Alexander(bishop of Alexandria)Different interpretations of Christ:
Arius: Jesus is lesser of divinity than God, he’s divine butdoesn’t have the same status, was not eternal bc he wasborn at a certain time/place so he cant be external butGod is bc he presides over all areas and timesAlexander: wants to get rid of himArian controversy: Shifts focus from Jesus to God the father.

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Term
Fall
Professor
ALBERTSON

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