a203-11f-19-FamilyKinshipDescent

And who has a social identity that is more like a

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why blow a crucial, once-in-a-generation deal just because a young person died? - and who has a social identity that is more like a young man than his brother? - who has exactly the same family relations as the deceased groom - this reflects a more sociocentric concept of personhood - in which your identity and behavior depend crucially on your position in social networks, especially of your kin - remember the Duo Donggo la Ninde who was reminded of how he did not own himself; he was owned by his parents, kin, village, and God… - kinship system : a society’s system of classifying and relating to relatives - depends in part on the descent system - socially constructed - based in part on biology, but largely arbitrary - as in the Nuyoo of Oaxaca, who consider some people to have multiple mothers - the one who gave birth to them - and the one(s) who nursed (breast-fed) them - versus European tradition, in which a “wet nurse” was little more than a servant - certainly not a mother - if even who counts as your mother is culturally constructed, clearly kinship is not made up simply of biological facts - kinship: how you classify and name your relatives - which relatives you classify as being the “same” or “different” - we call a parent’s bother our uncle - but are all uncles equivalent (related to you in the same way), or is your mother’s brother (your maternal uncle) different from your father’s brother (paternal uncle)? - what about spouses of uncles and aunts… they are also uncles and aunts, right? - yet the descent relationship between you and your uncle is clearly different from that between you and his wife, who is not biologically related to you at all - point: how we lump people as being the “same” relatives or different ones is arbitrary and culturally constructed - how you interact with different relatives
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Intro to Cultural Anthro S 2011 / Owen: Family and kinship p. 3 - do you interact with your father the same way as you interact with his brother (your uncle)? - family : meaning depends on context, but we will use “family” to mean an economic and residential group involving ties of sex, childrearing, and kinship - even this is a simplification, since in some societies, family members do not live together - a man may spend years away working, at sea, at war, etc. - or men may live together in a men’s house, not with wives and kids - and so on… - In most cultures, a person lives in at least two families during their life: - family of orientation : family one is raised in, usually one’s parents and siblings - family of procreation : family one forms with a spouse, including one’s children - nuclear family : parents and children (including adoptees: fictive kinship ) - In the US, we typically see the nuclear families as a relatively autonomous, basic unit - but other societies, the nuclear family really does not exist as a separate entity; always part of a larger network of kin - extended family : variable meaning.
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