bricks 27.94 cm long, 13.96 cm wide and 5.71 cm thick. Most of the houses had a standard layout and size, and only special structures, possibly public buildings, were treated differently within the framework of a city plan which also provided for separate residential and commercial areas. In the two major cities of Moenjodaro and Harappa, which are about 600 kilometres apart,
the gridiron pattern of street layout uncovered by archaeological excavations shows how much consideration was given to the safety and security of the residents and suggests the existence of a highly developed and well-monitored civic control system. In their planning, the city architects and engineers of that time avoided the risks from heavy and fast traffic on the main thoroughfares by giving access to the houses from side lanes. The grid layout and residential architecture are not the only evidence of an organized planning and control system. Never before and not until Greek and Roman times was so much attention paid to sanitation and civic facilities as in the Indus Valley civilization. Water discharge sluices from the houses drained refuse into small cesspits lined with bricks at the base of the walls, from which the dirty water was led through conduits to the main drains which ran along the streets below pavement level and were covered with sturdy bricks. This drainage system was connected
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- Spring '17
- History, Indus Valley Civilization, Indus Valley, Indus Valley script