No restrictions of their rights or privileges are

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before the law. No restrictions of their rights or privileges are permitted on the grounds of race, nationality, ethnic belonging, sex, origin, religion, education, convictions, political affiliation, personal or social position, or property status" (Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, Article 6 (1) (2) 1991). In addition, the Bulgarian law protects the rights of the representatives of minority groups by guaranteeing their individual human rights. Accordingly, the rights of persons belonging to different linguistic, religious and ethnic groups are assured by the Constitution which prohibits organizations whose activities are directed at inciting racial, national, ethnic or religious enmity, or violate the rights and freedoms of citizens (Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, Article 44 (2) 1991). The Bulgarian Constitution excludes the granting of collective political rights to the different religious and ethnic groups in the country and prohibits political parties on an ethnic, racial or religious basis (Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, Article 11 (4) 1991). This is a logical continuation of the constitutionally guaranteed unity and indivisibility of the Bulgarian
456 nation and state (Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, Article 92 (1), Article 2 (1), Article 3, and Article 44 (2) 1991). With recently approved Anti Discrimination Act Bulgaria complied fully with the international legal requirements on the ground of EO policy and on the protection of human rights. The Act ―Bans any direct or indirect discrimination based on gender, race, nationality, ethnicity, citizenship, origin, religion or belief, education, political affiliation, personal or social status, physical disability, age, sexual orientation, marital status, property, as well as any other criteria defined by the Law or by the International treaty on which Bulgaria is a part‖(State Gazette, Issue, 86, September 30, 2003). The above quotations clearly indicate that the democratic legislation developed and introduced in Bulgaria after 1989 creates permissible basis for guaranteeing individual human rights and excludes any forms of discrimination. In the same time, the importance of the research is growing because the equality before the law is just one of the basic prerequisites for introduction of EO policies in the public sector, including the military. The next more difficult step is to implement the law or to put equality into practice. Along with the important legislative improvements in the period of democratic development of Bulgaria, one should emphasize also on the existing basic consensus among the policymakers that the implementation of multicultural policy has no alternative as a solution to manage ethnic and cultural diversity in the society. The political elite after 1989 unanimously condemned the assimilation policy of the totalitarian regime and accepted the principles of multiculturalism. This is an important positive factor for successful introduction and implementation of EO and diversity management policy in the military.

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