nguphap_ta_0353

30 câu gi ả ñị nh subjunctive câu gi ả ñị

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30. Câu gi ñị nh (subjunctive) Câu gi ñị nh hay còn g i là câu c u khi ế n là lo i câu ñố i t ượ ng th nh t mu n ñố i t ượ ng th hai làm m t vi c gì. Câu gi ñị nh có tính ch t c u khi ế n ch không mang tính ép bu c nh ư câu m nh l nh. Trong câu gi ñị nh, ng ườ i ta dùng d ng nguyên th không có to c a các ñộ ng t sau m t s ñộ ng t chính mang tính c u khi ế n. Th ườ ng có that trong câu gi ñị nh tr m t s tr ườ ng h p ñặ c bi t.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 95 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng 30.1 Dùng v i would rather that Ng pháp hi n ñạ i ngày nay ñặ c bi t là ng pháp M cho phép dùng would rather không c n dùng that trong lo i câu này. We would rather (that ) he not take this train. 30.2 Dùng v i ñộ ng t . B ng sau là nh ng ñộ ng t ñ òi h i m nh ñề sau nó ph i d ng gi ñị nh và trong câu b t bu c ph i có that trong tr ườ ng h p ñ ó. advise demand prefer require ask insist propose stipulate command move recommend suggest decree order request urge ðộ ng t sau ch ng 2 d ng nguyên th không chia b to . N ế u mu n thành l p th ph ñị nh ñặ t not sau ch ng 2 tr ướ c nguyên th b to . Subject + verb + that + subject + [verb in simple form] + ... The doctor suggested that his patient stop smoking. The doctor suggested that his patient not stop smoking. N ế u b that ñ i thì ch ng 2 s tr v d ng tân ng ñộ ng t sau nó tr v d ng nguyên th to , câu m t tính ch t gi ñị nh, tr thành m t d ng m nh l nh th c gián ti ế p. The doctor suggested his patient to stop smoking. The doctor suggested his patient not to stop smoking. Trong ng pháp Anh-Anh tr ướ c ñộ ng t m nh ñề 2 th ườ ng có should , ng ườ i Anh ch b should khi sau nó là ñộ ng t to be nh ư ng ng pháp Anh-M không dùng should cho toàn b ñộ ng t ừỏơ m nh ñề 2. 30.3 Dùng v i tính t . B ng sau là m t s các tính t ñ òi h i m nh ñề sau nó ph i d ng gi ñị nh, trong câu b t bu c ph i có that ñộ ng t sau ch ng 2 d ng nguyên th b to . advised necessary recommended urgent important obligatory required imperative mandatory proposed suggested
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 96 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng L ư u ý r ng trong b ng này có m t s tính t là phân t 2 c u t o t các ñộ ng t b ng trên. N ế
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