Epiphyseal plate Epiphysis Metaphysis Diaphysis Periosteum Trabeculae LAB 1 IN

Epiphyseal plate epiphysis metaphysis diaphysis

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Epiphyseal plate Epiphysis Metaphysis Diaphysis Periosteum Trabeculae
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LAB #1: IN-LAB ACTIVITIES Introduction to the course syllabus 1. ANATOMICAL LANGUAGE: Using the cadaver and models, identify body cavities, abdominal sections and quadrants and body regions. A. QUADRANTS (RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ) B. ABDOMINAL CAVITY REGIONS: Epigastric region, left lateral (lumbar) region, left hypochondriac region, left inguinal region, pubic (hypogastric) region, right lateral (lumbar) region, right hypochondriac region, right inguinal region, umbilical region Delineating lines of the abdominal cavity regions : subcostal, midclavicular, transtubercular (supracrestal) Find some organs in the body and state their location in terms of the regions: liver, gallbladder, spleen, kidneys, stomach, appendix, sigmoid colon, etc. Delineating lines of the abdominal quadrants : median plane, transumbilical plane C. BODY REGIONS: Abdominal, acromial, antebrachial, axillary, brachial, buccal, calcaneal, carpal, coxal, cranial, crural, cubital, dorsum of hand and foot, facial, femoral, frontal, gluteal, hallux, inguinal, leg, lumbar, mammary, mental, nasal, occipital, olecranol, oral, orbital, palmar, patellar, pectoral, perineal, phalangeal, plantar, pollex, popliteal, pubic, sacral, scapular, sternal, tarsal, temporal, thoracic, umbilical, vertebral 2. MICROANATOMY: Identify epithelial tissue and supporting connective tissue in the microscopes. Most structures will need to be viewed at 40X. Make sure you start at 4X and work your way to viewing the slide at 10X then 40X. Epithelial Tissue Types and Structures Notes Simple squamous epithelium Lung and bronchiole is the slide used. Nucleus of squamous cell Stratified squamous epithelium Basement membrane Simple cuboidal epithelium (thyroid) Thyroid is the slide used. Basement membrane Simple columnar epithelium Basement membrane Goblet cells Pseudostratified columnar epithelium Basement membrane Cilia Transitional epithelium Dome-shaped cells at the apical end (No slides of stratified cuboidal and stratified columnar) Supporting Connective Tissue and Structures Notes
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Compact bone Dark colored slide Osteon Circular structure Osteocytes in lacunae Small black dots Canaliculi Central canal Perforating canal May or may not be present Spongy bone Trabeculae Dark pink Osteocytes in lacunae Bone marrow Filled with blood cells Hyaline cartilage Chondrocytes in lacunae Dark pink spots Matrix Light pink Perichondrium Dense connective tissue Fibrocartilage Chondrocytes in lacunae Collagen fibers Blue fibers Elastic cartilage Chondrocytes in lacunae Elastic fibers Dark purple or black Perichondrium Dense connective tissue 3. SKELETAL SYSTEM. Identify the structures of the skeletal system A. BONE IDENTIFICATION Axial skeleton: Cranium (skull), Vertebrae, Ossicles, Hyoid bone, Ribs, Sternum, Costal cartilage, Sacrum, Coccyx, Appendicular skeleton: Scapula, Clavicle, Humerus, Ulna, Radius, Carpals, Metacarpals, Phalanges (proximal, middle and distal) of the hand, Hip bone (os coxae), Femur, Patella, Tibia, Fibula, Tarsals, Metatarsals, Phalanges
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