According to Cooper and Hall 2016 problems associated with the consequences of

According to cooper and hall 2016 problems associated

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According to Cooper and Hall (2016) , problems associated with the consequences of tourism are often treated in a one-dimensional, often disciplinary fashion rather than seeing issues as being intertwined. 4.6 Corporate sustainability indicator on Participation. Sustainable development is a challenging social process. The different objectives of society - social, economic and environmental, need to be integrated where possible, and traded-off where they are incompatible. Institutional and individual roles and responsibilities have to change, so that new patterns of behavior will foster sustainable development. Indicators on Equality and participation encompass the distributional aspects of development, in terms of sharing both the burdens and benefits in different areas. Many of these indicators deal with traditional economic and social welfare issues, additional data reflect the interest in
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promoting changes in production and consumption patterns in a more sustainable direction. During the interview, respondent A stated that: “When it comes to decent work and economic growth which is one of the sustainable development goals, it basically talks about how the people within the organization or institutions work without difficulties. So when it comes to ministry of tourism, we have welfare policies, transport policies and others. Example is providing transport services to staff for efficiency.” He added that, these benefits come with a cost which the company bares and report in their books during their annual reporting. It also emerged during the interviews that, successful past strategies appear also to have been participatory. Conversely, strategies that appear to be going nowhere, even though the documentation may look good, frequently have been characterized by a lack of participation. Respondent A recommended that; “there is little precedent for dealing with these challenges. Taking participation into the mainstream of planning and development activity needs further research and interaction, and changes in institutional and professional attitudes and environments. For these and other reasons, networking within and between countries on participation aspects is strongly recommended.” This would be particularly valuable amongst policy analysts in corporate institutions, planners and others who are working in multidisciplinary ways, and those who have been behind effective participatory approaches. If participation can be facilitated, it could effectively counter a failing of past strategies - that they can become overly-comprehensive "planners' dreams". In contrast, with effective participation, strategies should become the result of society defining its (diverse)
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needs for sustainable development, and professionals devising practicable ways to undertake the desired actions.
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  • Fall '18
  • DR MAAME ADWOA GYEKYE JANDO
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