According toCooper and Hall (2016), problems associated with the consequences of tourism areoften treated in a one-dimensional, often disciplinary fashion rather than seeing issues as beingintertwined.4.6 Corporate sustainability indicator on Participation.Sustainable development is a challenging social process. The different objectives of society -social, economic and environmental, need to be integrated where possible, and traded-off wherethey are incompatible. Institutional and individual roles and responsibilities have to change, sothat new patterns of behavior will foster sustainable development.Indicators on Equality and participation encompass the distributional aspects of development, interms of sharing both the burdens and benefits in different areas. Many of these indicators dealwith traditional economic and social welfare issues, additional data reflect the interest in
promoting changes in production and consumption patterns in a more sustainable direction.During the interview, respondent A stated that:“When it comes to decent work and economic growth which is one of the sustainabledevelopment goals, it basically talks about how the people within the organization or institutionswork without difficulties. So when it comes to ministry of tourism, we have welfare policies,transport policies and others. Example is providing transport services to staff for efficiency.” He added that, these benefits come with a cost which the company bares and report in theirbooks during their annual reporting. It also emerged during the interviews that, successful paststrategies appear also to have been participatory. Conversely, strategies that appear to be goingnowhere, even though the documentation may look good, frequently have been characterized bya lack of participation. Respondent A recommended that;“there is little precedent for dealing with these challenges. Taking participation into themainstream of planning and development activity needs further research and interaction, andchanges in institutional and professional attitudes and environments. For these and otherreasons, networking within and between countries on participation aspects is stronglyrecommended.”This would be particularly valuable amongst policy analysts in corporate institutions, plannersand others who are working in multidisciplinary ways, and those who have been behind effectiveparticipatory approaches. If participation can be facilitated, it could effectively counter a failingof past strategies - that they can become overly-comprehensive "planners' dreams". In contrast,with effective participation, strategies should become the result of society defining its (diverse)
needs for sustainable development, and professionals devising practicable ways to undertake thedesired actions.