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Almost immediately after the success of the

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. Almost immediately after the success of the revolution on January27, 1959, Guevara made one of his most significant speeches where he talked about "the socialideas of the rebel army". During this speech, he declared that the main concern of the new Cubangovernment was "the social justice thatland redistributionbrings about".[123]A few months later onMay 17, 1959, theAgrarian Reform Lawcrafted by Guevara went into effect, limiting the size of allfarms to 1,000 acres (400 ha). Any holdings over these limits were expropriated by the governmentand either redistributed to peasants in 67-acre (270,000 m2) parcels or held as state run communes.[124]The law also stipulated that sugar plantations could not be owned by foreigners.[125]Guevara visiting theGaza Stripin 1959.
Guevara speaking withTitoduring a visit toYugoslaviaOn June 12, 1959, Castro sent Guevara out on a three-month tour of 14 mostlyBandungPactcountries (Morocco, Sudan, Egypt, Syria, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma,Thailand,Indonesia, Japan,Yugoslavia, Greece) and the cities of Singapore and Hong Kong.[126]Sending Guevara away from Havana allowed Castro to appear to be distancing himself fromGuevara and hisMarxistsympathies, which troubled both the United States and some of Castro'sJuly 26 Movement members.[127]While inJakarta, Guevara visited Indonesian presidentSukarnotodiscuss the recentrevolution in Indonesiaand to establish trade relations between their two nations.Both men quickly bonded, as Sukarno was attracted to Guevara's energy and his relaxed informalapproach; moreover they shared revolutionaryleftistaspirations againstwestern imperialism.[128]Guevara next spent 12 days in Japan (July 15–27), participating in negotiations aimed atexpanding Cuba's trade relations with that nation. During the visit, he refused to visit and lay awreath at Japan'sTomb of the Unknown Soldiercommemorating soldiers lost duringWorld War II,remarking that the Japanese "imperialists" had "killed millions of Asians".[129]In its place, Guevarastated that he would instead visitHiroshima, where the American military haddetonatedanatom-bomb14 years earlier.[129]Despite his denunciation ofImperial Japan, Guevara alsoconsideredPresident Trumana "macabre clown" for the bombings,[130]and after visiting Hiroshimaand itsPeace Memorial Museum, he sent back a postcard to Cuba stating, "In order to fight betterfor peace, one must look at Hiroshima."[131]Upon Guevara's return to Cuba in September 1959, it was evident that Castro now had morepolitical power. The government had begun land seizures included in the agrarian reform law, butwas hedging on compensation offers to landowners, instead offering low interest "bonds", a stepwhich put the United States on alert. At this point the affected wealthy cattlemenofCamagüeymounted a campaign against the land redistributions, and enlisted the newlydisaffected rebel leaderHuber Matos, who along with the anti-Communist wing of the 26th of JulyMovement, joined them in denouncing the "Communist encroachment".

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Term
Spring
Professor
Anthony,Kyle
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