and supervise a variety of people in predictable circumstances. This in short means that you are not a dietitian; therefore, you are to refer to other health professionals if the client needs advice outside your scope of practice. The scope of practice of a fitness instructor does not include:“Exercise professionals must acknowledge the boundaries of their competence. They shall provide services and use interventions for which they are qualified by training and experience.”
CS2 –Client Screening Learner Guide 2.3 (2020/02/02) 61 •The provision of specific or individualised dietary analysis or advice, or information regarding: Specific diets Fad diets Nutritional supplementation Sports foods Ergogenic aids Nutrition for exercise or sports performance •Topics outside your scope as a trainer •The provision of information or advice to people with medical conditions requiring specialised dietary advice, or to frail elderly people who are at risk of malnutrition •The provision of dietary information or advice for infants and toddlers.The fitness instructor must refer clients to an Accredited Practising Dietitian, AccreditedSports Dietitian, or General Practitioner as appropriate Referral or recommendation is required to assist clients who present with dietary concerns. The referral or recommendation may be made to the following medical and allied health specialists: General practitioner Accredited practising dietitian Psychologist Sports physician Sports doctor Aboriginal health worker Diabetes educator Dietary concerns may include:•Anorexia•Bulimia•Overweight or obesity•Nutritional deficiencies such as iron or calcium•Dehydration•Diabetes•Food allergies or intolerances•Weight gainOr gastrointestinal disorders such as:•Gastrointestinal reflux•Ulcers•Inflammatory bowel disease•Coeliac disease•Lactose intolerance•Chron’s diseaseOr medical concerns such as:•Diabetes•Gallstones•Cancer•Gout•Pregnancy
CS2 –Client Screening Learner Guide 2.3 (2020/02/02) 62 Eating disorders What is an eating disorder? Eating Disorders Victoria (2012) outlines an eating disorder as a mental illness, not a lifestyle choice. An eating disorder is characterised when eating, exercise, and body weight become an unhealthy preoccupation in a person’s life.There are a variety of eating disorders that can affect a person, each having different characteristics and causes. The two major eating disorders affecting thousands of people in Australia are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia Anorexia nervosa has devastating physical consequences on the human body. Anorexia is characterised by low body weight and body image distortion. Individuals who suffer from anorexia have an obsessive fear of weight gain, which manifests itself through depriving the body of food and often coincides with overtraining.