Techno pessimism tend to emphasize the risks and

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Techno-pessimism-Tend to emphasize the risks and costs of technological change; believe technology is responsible for many social problems; skeptical of “technological fixes” to social problems. Technology unimportant to progress. E.g. Thoreau Techno-realist- one who acknowledges both costs and benefits of technology; believes that technology can be controlled, but humans must take responsibility to control it. E.g. CondorcetTechnology- the organization of knowledge, people, and things to accomplish specific practical goals”, system of elements working together. Important to consider what the social value of a technology is. Techne- Greek for art, craft, or skill used in producing something, including artifacts, but also non-artifacts like music; it is not the thing produced, but the technique used to produce it. Intended to solve problems. Enlightenment- Science and rationality replace religion and traditions. The monarchy and aristocracy is displaced in favor of secular and representative government. Hedonism- only pleasure promotes well-being, unlike list theory, hedonism needs only one thing (pleasure) for well-being. Well-being- does technology promote our well being? E.g. is it good for us? Different kinds of goodness- 1.Good for us: what benefits us (well-being) 2. Good: what is ethical, moral, beautifulImportant to consider the difference between the two; good and good for us not obviously always the same, e.g. taking a bullet to save a family member. Perfectionism- belief that only self-improvement can contribute to our well-beingOBJECTIVE LIST THEORY- multiple (variety) of goods promote well-being. Common list theories- Autonomy: leading life according to our own understanding of what’s worthwhile. Community: family, good friends. Accomplishment: achieving worthwhile goals. Technocratic (in relation to progress)- idea which began in the 19thcentury, Science and technology enhance efficiency, increase profits, save time. Thus, technology has intrinsic value which is a departure from the previous century which valued technology as an instrumental tool for furthering
ideals of knowledge, equality, and social liberation. For technocrats, inventions themselves are progress. Abatement/ Adaptation- abatement involves trying to mitigate the GHG emissions while adaptation calls for us to stand by and deal with the emissions as they come. Cost-Benefit Analysis- a form of analysis which attempts to give all possible outcomes from a given course of action a dollar value by determining what people are willing to pay for and also determines which course of action will maximize benefits or minimize costs. In terms of global climate change, the cost argument favors adaption because the cost of abatement outweighs the benefits. Objections to cost argument: destroying the climate cannot be assessed in dollar values because it is priceless; it would only actually cost 2 percent of the world’s productivity; morality cannot be measured in monetary terms. Responsibility- Causal sense: ‘A is responsible for B’ means A caused B.2. Blame sense: ‘A is responsible for B’ means A is blameworthy for B.3. Duty sense: ‘A is responsible for B’ means B is A’s duty.

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