Imperialism and the Road to World War I (1).pptx

Why forms of imperialism colony territory that an

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Why?
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Forms of Imperialism Colony Territory that an Imperialist power had direct control and leadership of Protectorate Territory is allowed to have their own government but still controlled by an Imperialist power Puppet governments; especially in policy making for international affairs Sphere of Influence No control over government except for investment and/or trading rights with an imperialist power
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The Meiji Restoration Isolationist policy of the Tokugawa Shogunate 1500’s – 1853 No trade outside of Japan All changed when Commodore Matthew Perry arrived with Four American Warships in the harbor of modern day Tokyo Shogun signed treaty with Americans Within the next five years also signed with Britain, France, Russia and Holland “unequal treaties” Favored the imperialists over the Japanese
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Rise of the Meiji Nationalist movements to counteract the unequal treaties began A group of samurai put a new emperor on the throne who became known as the Meiji emperor, or “enlightened” Meiji Policy Westernization Emperor Meiji wanted Japan to compete with Western Nations Led to Industrialization of Japan Improved education systems Hoped to create a new ruling class based on talent instead of birth Where have we heard this before?
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Japan on the Global Stage Japan’s power grew as they industrialized in the late 19 th century Militarization Imperialist desires of their own Korea Sino-Japanese War 1895 Japan defeated China to gain trading rights with a now independent Korea Manchuria Russo-Japanese War 1905 Japan defeated Russia for control of Korea and areas east and north of it (Manchuria) Treaty signed in Long Island, NY at Saginaw Hill Theodore Roosevelt’s estate
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American Imperialism The Monroe Doctrine – 1823 The United States had a policy of staying out of European affairs The Monroe Doctrine was an enhancement of George Washington’s desire to stay neutral in foreign affairs As long as Europeans stayed away from the America for colonization “We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety” – Monroe Doctrine
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