Purple definition bold chapter topic blue ask

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Purple = definition Bold= Chapter topicBlue = ask yourself Q’sPink =significant people Yellow = research on your own -Liberty does not guarantee equality, but…-Liberty reduces the threat of inequality Republicanism Definition: Republicanism -A system of gov in which citizens elect representative to make public policy decisions on their behalf Definition:Gerrymandering-The appointment of voters in districts in such a way as to give unfair advantage to one political party The Guarantee Clausea.”THe US shall guarantee to every state in this Union a Republican Form of Government.” -Article IV Sec. 4Pros of Republicanism -A megaphone for the voice of the people -Ability to slow change through disagreements among Reps -Accountability -Institutional mechanisms written clearly into law to remove tyrannical Reps Cons of Republicanism -Reps may vote against public sentiment (Leviathan-like)-Popular ideas may enter gov’t quickly, swaying policy -The people must take unified action to hold Reps accountable -Limited risk for tyranny of the majority, yet still possible Recent Conflicts -Arizona State Legislature vs. Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission Federalism Definitions: The Arrangements: Power & Purpose -Unitary Arrangement: a form of gov in which most, in not all, legal power is located in Central/National Gov-Confederal Arrangement: a form of gov in which a group of sovereign states creates a central gov for a common purpose yet retains most legal power for each member state -Federal Arrangement:the system of gov in which a constitution divides power b/w a central gov and regional gov’s-Alt. : a form of gov in which 2 or more layers share authority, each w certain powers and responsibilities assigned to it. -Dual Federalism: prevailed in the US from 1789-1937
Purple = definition Bold= Chapter topicBlue = ask yourself Q’sPink =significant people Yellow = research on your own -Cooperative Federalism: prevailed after the New Deal era -Regulated Federalism: congress imposes legislative standards on the states and localities The Power of Coercion -Grants in aid -Project grants-Formula grants -Block grants -Unfunded grants -Understanding these definitions, the reasons that led to their increased usage, and the casual relationship of their application is key Untary:Power & Purpose -May create/abolish smaller gov’s as it sees fit, or may have no lesser gov’s at all -Any smaller (aka subsidiary) gov’s may only use power granted by central gov-Powers granted to subsidiary gov by the central gov may be taken away at any time -90% of the countries use a unitary arrangement Confederal: Power & Purpose-advantages /reasons for a confederationa.Trade / Economicsb.Protection / Mutual defense (strength in numbers)-Examplesa.European Unionb.United Nationsc.Former USSRd.Our Articles of Confederation Federal: Power & Purpose -Each level of gov is supreme in powers assigned to it…. Really though?

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