Wilting flowers 1947 the drowned temple 1962 weapons

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-Wilting Flowers (1947) -The Drowned Temple (1962) -Weapons and Children (1955) Was one of the greatest poets in Arabic literature , whose experiments helped to change the course of modern Arabic poetry . At the end of the 1940s he launched, with Nazik al-Mala'ika ,and shortly followed by Abd al-Wahhāb al- ʿ Bayātī and Shathel Taqa , the free verse movement and gave it credibility with the many fine poems he published in the fifties. He revolutionized all the elements of the poem and wrote highly involved political and social poetry, along with many personal poems. 19.Tawfik or Tawfiq al-Hakim 1898-1987 Tawfiq al-Hakim or Tawfik el-Hakim was a prominent Egyptian writer. He is one of the pioneers of the Arabic novel and drama. He was born in Alexandria, Egypt, the son of an Egyptian wealthy judge and a Turkish mother. -A bullet in the Heart, 1926 (play) -The Return of the Spirit, 1933 (Novel) -The Return of Consciousness, 1974 Tawfiq el-Hakim is one of the major pioneer figures in modern Arabic literature. In the particular realm of theatre, he fulfils an overarching role as the sole founder of an entire literary tradition, as Taha Hussein had earlier made clear. His struggles on behalf of Arabic drama as a literary genre, its techniques, and its
language, are coterminous with the achievement of a central role in contemporary Egyptian political and social life. 20.Najib (or Nagib) Mahfuz (or Mahfouz) 1911-2006 Naguib Mahfouz was an Egyptian writer who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature. He is regarded as one of the first contemporary writers of Arabic literature, along with Tawfiq el- Hakim, to explore themes of existentialism. -A translation into Arabic of James Baikie’s Ancient Egypt -Arabian Nights and Days (1981 -Adrift on the Nile (1966) He published 34 novels, over 350 short stories, dozens of movie scripts, and five plays over a 70-year career. Many of his works have been made into Egyptian and foreign films. Most of Mahfouz’s writings deal mainly with politics. 21.Nizar Qabbani or Kabbani 1923-1998 Nizar Tawfiq Qabbani was a Syrian diplomat, poet and publisher. His poetic style combines simplicity and elegance in exploring themes of love, eroticism, feminism, religion, and Arab nationalism. -Childhood of a Breast (1948) -Alphabet of Jasmine (1998) -To Beirut the Feminine, With My Love (1978) When asked whether he was a revolutionary, the poet answered: “Love in the Arab world is like a prisoner, and I want to set (it) free. I want to free the Arab soul, sense and body with my poetry. The relationships between men and women in our society are not healthy.” He is known as one of the most feminist and progressive intellectuals of his time. 22.Asmahan (singer) 1912-1944 Was an Arab Druze singer and actress of Syrian origins who lived in Egypt . Having immigrated to Egypt in childhood, her family knew the composer Dawood Hosni , and she sang the compositions of Mohamed El Qasabgi and Zakariyya Ahmad . [2][3] She also sang the compositions of Mohammed Abdel Wahab and her brother Farid al- -Al-Khitam Operette (from the movie Intisar Al Shabab) -Eedy fi Eedak -Hadeath Aynayn Her voice was one of

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