Nehru - Toward Freedom (1936).pdf

That criticism does not take away from my respect for

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That criticism does not take away from my respect for many of them. But I have felt that those who meddle in public affairs must be frank with each other and with the public they claim to serve. A superficial courtesy and an avoidance of embarrassing and sometimes distressing questions do not help in bringing about a true understanding of each other or of the problems that face us. Real co-operation must be based on an apprecia tion of differences as well as common points, and a facing of facts, however inconvenient they might be. I trust, however, that nothing that I have written bears a trace of malice or ill will against any indi vidual. I have purposely avoided discussing the issues in India today, except vaguely and indirectly. I was not in a position to go into them with any thoroughness in prison, or even to decide in my own mind what should be done. Even after my release I did not think it worth while to add anything on this subject It did not seem to fit in with whit 1 had already written. And so this "autobiographical narrative 1 * remaim a sketchy, personal, and incomplete account of the past, verging on the present, but cautiously avoiding contact with it* JAWAHARIAL NEHRU Badenweiler, January 2, 1936. xiv
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CONTENTS CHAFTU* i In Prison Again 3 i! Animals in Prison 9 ni Descent from Kashmir 16 iv Childhood 20 v Theosophy 26 vi Harrow and Cambridge 30 vii Back Home and Wartime Politics in India 39 vm My Wedding and an Adventure in the Himalayas 45 ix The Coming of Gandhi 47 x I am Externedj and the Consequences 54 xi Wanderings among the Ki$am 59 xn Nonco-operation 65 xni First Imprisonment 73 xrv Nonviolence and the Doctrine of the Sword 80 xv Lucknow District Jail 85 xvi Out Again 9 a xvn An Interlude at Nabha 97 xwi M. Mohamad A!i My Father, and Gandhi|i 104 xix Communalism Rampant na xx Municipal Work **7 xx! In Europe * 21 xxn Experience of Lathee Charges 128 xxm Thunder in the Air *3$ xxiv Independence and After *49 xxv Civil Disobedience Begins *5$ xxvi In Naini Prison *^3 XXVH The NoTa& Campaign in the United Provinces 17! xxvin Death of My Father *% xxix The Delhi Pact *86 xxx A Southern Holiday *97 xxxi Friction and the Round Table Conference aoi XXXH Arrests, Ordinances, Proscriptions 210 XV
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CHAPTEE ***** xxxm Ballyhoo 2|8 xxxiv In Bareilly and Dehra Dun Jails 223 xxxv The Struggle Outside 227 xxxvi What Is Religion? 236 xxxvii The "Dual Policy" of the British Government 244 xxxvin The End of a Long Term 250 xxxix Dominion Status and Independence 260 XL India Old and New 269 XLI The Record of British Rule ^75 XLII A Civil Marriage and a Question of Script 285 XLIII Communalism and Reaction ^$7 XLIV Impasse and Earthquake 293 XLV Alipore Jail 3 01 XLVI Desolation 309 XLVII Paradoxes 3*^ XLVIII Dehra Jail Again 326 XLIX Eleven Days 332 L Back to Prison 336 LI Reflections on Social Change 342 ui A Conclusion 351 LIII Five Years Later 355 Epilogue: The Parting of the Ways 371 APPENDIXES A Pledge taken on Independence Day, January 26, 1930 385 B Presidential Address by Jawaharlal Nehru at 49th Ses sion of Indian National Congress, April 1936 386 c Presidential Address by
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  • Fall '16
  • Alan Kolata

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