Micronutrient 55 Explain the difference between macronutrients and

Micronutrient 55 explain the difference between

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A multivitamin supplement is a(n) ___________ supplement. Micronutrient 55 . Explain the difference between macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are needed in large amounts from the diet for health. Micronutrients are also critical for health, but are needed only in small amounts from the diet. 56. What subunits are proteins broken down into during digestion? Amino acids 57. Where (or how) do we obtain essential amino acids? From protein in our diet 58 . Our bodies cannot synthesize vitamin C, but requires it. Therefore, vitamin C is an essential micronutrient. 59. The substrate of an enzyme is what the enzyme acts on 60. Compare and contrast enzyme cofactors and coenzymes. Both help enzymes speed up their reaction rates. Cofactors are typically inorganic metals, while coenzymes are organic molecules, such as vitamins
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61. ANABOLIC REACTIONS Any chemical reaction that combines simple molecules to build more-complex molecules 62. Catabolic reactions Any chemical reaction that breaks down complex molecules into simpler molecules. 63. Catalysis The process of speeding up the rate of a chemical reaction (e.g., by enzymes). 64. Macronutrients Nutrients required in large amounts called macronutrients , including carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. 65. Malnutrition The medical condition resulting from the lack of any essential nutrient in the diet. Malnutrition is often, but not always, associated with starvation 66. Enzymes Are proteins that accelerate the rate of chemical reactions. 67. Which reaction would have the lowest activation energy for an enzyme that binds its substrate only in the presence of a cofactor? Substrate + Enzyme + Cofactor Product
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