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Direct quotations should be used VERY SPARINGLY. It is appropriate to use direct quotations in the following circumstances: (a) when giving the wordings of laws and official rulings (b) when exact wording is crucial (c) when the original is worded so well that you cannot improve upon it (Campbell & Ballou, 1978). Direct quotations must be indicated by quotation marks (longer passages may require block quotations, depending on the style manual used). When citing direct quotations, include the page number in the reference citation.
7If you do not sufficiently understand what you have read to summarize and integrate it into yourpaper, do NOT use that reference. It is NOT acceptable to use a direct quotation in place of understanding the ideas. Note: There is a limit on the number of sentences that may be direct quotations in research papers submitted for this class. APA Citation Examples: Bingham, E. G. (1982). Pocketbook for technical and professional writers. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Campbell, W. G., & Ballou, S. V. (1978). Form and style. Theses, reports, term papers(5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Corder, J. W., & Ruszkiewicz, J. J. (1989). Handbook of current English(8th ed.). Glenview, IL: HarperCollins.Gibaldi, J., & Achtert, W. S. (1988). MLA handbook for writers of research papers(3rd ed.). New York: Modern Language Association of America. McAuley, E., & Rudolph, D. (1995). Physical activity, aging, and psychological well-being. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 3,67-96.Nieman, D. C., Warren, B. J., Dotson, R. G., Butterworth, D. E., & Henson, D. A. (1993). Physical activity, psychological well-being, and mood state in elderly women. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 1,22-33.Note: For professional journal articles, cite the following information:Author(s), (Year of publication), Article title, Journal title, Volume number of journal, Inclusive page numbers.For on-line professional journal articles, cite the above information, if available, AND include thedate the document was retrieved and the URL. Example:Fredrickson, B. L. (2000). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved from In-text citation examples:
8Anderson (1999, p. 10) stated, “there are numerous causes for youth to drop of sport including parental pressure and burn-out”.Or The authors of the study noted that, “there are numerous causes for youth to drop of sport including parental pressure and burn-out” (Anderson et al., 1999, p. 10).Or The researcher argued that peanut butter and jelly sandwiches could indeed allow one to dunk a basketball (Iverson, 2000). Examples of types of sentences for Intro paragraphThe purpose of this paper was to explore heath situations facing LBGTQ women in the United States. The goal of the paper was to provide an overview of this diverse communities’ health outcomes and tendencies in relation to social inequality.