(dharma—a word that means both “ultimate reality” and the “teaching” or “moral law” of the Buddha Dukkha—suffering, which, as Buddha says in the First Holy Truth, is the fate of all who live Jataka—stories from the Buddha’s previous lives Kamma(karma)—actions which have good or bad results; which lead to merit or punishment Kandhas(skandhas)—the five constituents of personality Karuna—the virtue of compassion, the defining virtue of a bodhisattva Moha—delusion or ignorance Nibbana (nirvana)—enlightenment Prajna—wisdom, insight Precepts—the five “commandments” that forbid the taking of life, etc., and to which additional rules are added for monks and nuns Samadhi—meditation, transic concentration Samsara—the cycle of woe, the world of suffering into which one continues to be reborn Sangha—monastic community Sutta—books Buddhist scripture, said to contain the teachings of Buddha himself Tanha—craving, which is the cause of suffering Tripitika—the three baskets of Buddhist scriptures Vinaya—books of Buddhist scripture that prescribe rules for members of the monastic orderAdditional readings Conze, Edward, ed. and trans. Buddhist Scriptures. London: Penguin, 1959. ___. Buddhist Meditation. London and New York: George Allen & Unwin, 1956. Keown, Damien. Buddhist Ethics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Rhys Davids, T. W. and Hermann Oldenberg, trans., F. Max Muller, ed. The Sacred Books of the East. Volumes X, XI, XIII, XVII, XXX. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1965–1966. Saddhatissa, H. The Buddha’s Way. London and New York: George Allen & Unwin, 1971. Swearer, Donald K. Buddhism. Niles, IL: Argus Communications, 1977. Ethics in World Religions RLGN 1420 Unit 4 22
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