incorporates the idea that it is OK to be sexually aggressive and to seek sexual conquests outside of the marriage, a major double standard of the female expectations. Among African Americans, relationships between men and women tend to be more egalitarian, a carry over from conditions under slavery. African American women were not economically dependent upon men under slavery, so men did not typically assume the dominant role. This has resulted in many households being headed by women who define their own status. Asian Americans tend to place more value on family, group solidarity, and interdependence than do white Americans. Most Asian American women place a higher priority on familial obligations than individual aspirations. Although more Asian American women work outside the home than any other American ethnic group, many spend their lives supporting others and attending to the needs of her family. Still, the gender-role of male dominance is perpetuated within this culture. 6. 1) the first way gender-role expectations affect our sexuality is through the long standing mistaken assumption that women are inherently less sexually inclined than men. These negative gender stereotypes have resulted in women being taught to suppress and deny their natural sexual feelings. Additionally, males are often stereotyped as super-sexual, which makes the idea of men into insensitive machines that instantly respond if the correct button is pushed. 2) Traditional gender roles in American society dictate that men will initiate sexual relationships and that women will react with permission or denial. This can
make sex for men feel more like a duty than a pleasure and can make it hard for women to assume an active role during sexual activity. 3) With gender-role socialization conditioning males two be competent leaders and females to be passive followers, men are often expected to act as experts in sexual matters. Some enjoy playing teacher or mentor, but others feel burdened by the feeling of being responsible for the outcome of sexual activities. 4) It is a common belief among women that men are constantly thinking about sex. Based upon this belief, a woman may see it as her role to control her partner’s perceived rampant lust by ensuring he does not coerce her into any inappropriate activities. This can cause women to struggle to experience and enjoy sexual feelings when she does surrender her controlling role. Conversely, men often see women as sexual challenges. 7. 1) Kaplan’s three-stage model- the three stages are desire, excitement, and orgasm. Kaplan stated that sexual difficulties tend to fall into one of these three categories and it is possible to have a difficulty in one while continuing to function normally in the other two. One big difference in this theory is that it features desire as a distinctive stage of the sexual response cycle, as others did not discuss aspects that are separate from genital changes.
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