Racialization and banning of subsequent groups such o Japan and Korea

Racialization and banning of subsequent groups such o

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Racialization and banning of subsequent groups such o Japan and Korea ("Gentleman's Agreement" completely stopped immigration from the 2 countries in 1907) o Groups are racialized and described as inferior so they must be controlled Groups that are currently white but compared to the Chinese o Italians ("Chinese of Europe") o French Canadians ("Chinese of the Eastern state") 1924 Immigration Act (Reed-Johnson, National Origins Quota Act) If the Chinese Exclusion act enacted gatekeeping, this was the shutting of the gate Restricted anyone that was not from northern or western Europe (Southern/Eastern Europe, Africans, Arabs, Asians) o "what do we want the racial composition of our country to be" Limited the annual number of immigrants from any country 2% of the number of people from that country who were in the US as of 1890 Only 100 visas available to Chinese immigrants per year Goal: According to the US department, wanted to maintain racial homogeneity o Exception: Mexicans (Western Hemisphere) excluded from the quota but not from nativism Chinese Exclusion act gives birth to modern day immigration laws o New procedures to inspect and process people o Identify record movements of immigrants and residents Financial ties o Introduced identification and passports Required all Chinese residents to carry legal proof of entry and they could get fined or penalized (currently, people have to carry these documents too) o Also led to earliest deportation laws Made undocumented migration an offense Creates penalization for people who help undocumented migration
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