His acquittal is believed to have helped ensure that

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been impeached. His acquittal is believed to have helped ensure that an independent Federal judiciary would survive partisan challenge in the U.S. 33. Second Great Awakening - ( 1800 1830s ) was the second great religious revival in United States history and consisted of renewed personal salvation experienced in revival meetings. It also encouraged an eager effervescent evangelicalism that later reappeared in American life in causes dealing with prison reform, temperance, women's suffrage, and the crusade to abolish slavery. 34. Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, also referred to as the Chesapeake Affair , which occurred on June 22 , 1807 , the British frigate HMS Leopard attacked and boarded the American frigate USS Chesapeake . 35. Jefferson Embargo - prevents US merchant ships from leaving for any foreign port . 36. High Federalists- Alexander Hamilton’s division of the federalists. 37. Midnight Judges- the nickname given to the group of Supreme Court judges appointed by John Adams the night before he left office. Last ditch effort to maintain federalist ideals. 38. Washington’s Neutrality Policy- George Washington’s belief that it was in the United States best interest to remain out of war and avoid conflict with warring nations. 39. Constitutional Convention- 1787 in Philadelphia PA, was where members of the convention met to draft the United States constitution. Turned down the New Jersey plan, main goal was the revision of the Articles of Confederation.
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40. Lewis and Clark Expedition- 1804, it was the first overland expedition undertaken by the United States to the pacific coast and back. Leaders were Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. The expeditions goal was to gain an accurate sense of the resources being exchanged in the Louisianna Purchase. The expansion laid the groundwork for westaward expansion. 41. Marbury V. Madison- Here is a summary: At the very end of his term, President John Adams had made many federal appointments, including William Marbury as justice of the peace in the District of Columbia. Thomas Jefferson, the new president, refused to recognize the appointment of Marbury. The normal practice of making such appointments was to deliver a "commission," or notice, of appointment. This was normally done by the Secretary of State. Jefferson's Secretary of State at the time was James Madison. At the direction of Jefferson, Madison refused to deliver Marbury's commission. Marbury sued Madison, and the Supreme Court took the case. Chief Justice John Marshall wrote that the Judiciary Act of 1789, which spelled out the practice of delivering such commissions for judges and justices of the peace, was unconstitutional because it the gave the Supreme Court authority that was denied it by Article III of the Constitution. Thus, the Supreme Court said, the Judiciary Act of 1789 was illegal and not to be followed. This was the first time the Supreme Court struck down a law because it was unconstitutional. It was the beginning of the practice of "judicial review.
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