back to a Lydian king named Croesus who was the first Asiatic easterner to

Back to a lydian king named croesus who was the first

This preview shows page 12 - 27 out of 53 pages.

back to a Lydian king named Croesus , who was the first Asiatic (easterner) to engage in battle with Europeans (westerners, in this case the Greeks). Lydia is then absorbed into the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great . –. Croesus and the oracles –. Croesus and the Lydians battle Cyrus and the Persians. –. Cyrus captures the Lydian capital of Sardis and Croesus himself.
Image of page 12
Lydia Persia Media
Image of page 13
Croesus on the pyre (Athenian red-figure, c.490 BC) Herodotus 1.86-88 (546 BC)
Image of page 14
The Persian Wars Herodotus of Halicarnassus nine books (volumes) 1. Herodotus declares his project and traces the causes of the Persian Wars back to a Lydian king named Croesus , who was the first Asiatic (easterner) to engage in battle with Europeans (westerners, in this case the Greeks). Lydia is then absorbed into the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great . –. Cyrus conquers Babylon (538 BC) This epic event is a rare one documented not only in Greek via Herodotus, but also in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and ancient Persian records.
Image of page 15
Cyrus Cylinder ” (Cyrus conquers Babylon) (538 BC) TED talk on the cylinder
Image of page 16
The Persian Wars Herodotus of Halicarnassus nine books (volumes) 2. Herodotus devotes this book to surveying the culture and history of Egypt. 3. Herodotus chronicles the reigns of the Persian kings Cambyses and Darius . Darius’ proposals to Greeks and Indian Collations (3.38). Samian rebels learn how to talk to Spartans (3.46). Persians debate their constitution (3.80-82). 4. Herodotus chronicles the expeditions of Darius against the Scythians and in Africa.
Image of page 17
The Behistun inscription , c. 520 B.C., records Darius’ rise to power
Image of page 18
The Persian Wars Herodotus of Halicarnassus nine books (volumes) 5. As the Persian Empire expands, Ionian Greeks begin to rebel. Aristogoras of Miletus leads the rebellion. He seeks support from Sparta and Athens. Herodotus recounts the birth of democracy at Athens. The Greeks burn Sardis in Lydia, and Darius remembers.
Image of page 19
Ionia Persia
Image of page 20
Miletus Sardis
Image of page 21
The Persian Wars Herodotus of Halicarnassus nine books (volumes) 6. As the Persian Empire expands, Ionian Greeks begin to rebel. As tensions grow, the Greeks deliver a stunning blow to the Persians by defeating them at the Battle of Marathon . Darius takes Miletus in 494 BC. Mardonius’ fleet wrecks and the first expedition fails. Miltiades and Pheidippides
Image of page 22
Eretria Marathon Athens
Image of page 23
A Greek fighting a Persian (5 th century BC red-figure pottery)
Image of page 24
“Miltiades dedicated to Zeus.” “To Zeus Athenians took from the Medes.” found at Olympia and now in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia.
Image of page 25
Marathon Stone Part of the Athenian monument for the Battle of Marathon Φῆμις ἄρ᾽ ὡς κίχεν αἰεὶ εὐφαῶς ἕσσχατα γαίης τῶνδ᾽ ἀνδρῶν ἀρετὴν πεύσεται ὡς ἔθανον
Image of page 26
Image of page 27

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture