the produced insulin or when the body does not make enough insulin which can convert blood sugar effectively into energy. Therefore, due to lack of enough insulin, sugar accumulates in the blood. At least 90% of people who have diabetes are diagnosed with diabetes type 2 (Arcangelo et al., 2017). It majorly develops in adults compared to children or adolescents. Gestational diabetes from the word gestation is a type of diabetes which occurs for a short time in pregnant women; it is not a permanent condition like diabetes type 1 and 2. However, if a mother develops gestational diabetes, it may put her and child at risk of developing diabetes type 1 or 2. Just like diabetes type 1, juvenile diabetes affects young people and results from the production of little or no insulin by the pancreas. Treatment for Diabetes Type 2 To treat diabetes type 2, the doctor may prescribe Sulfonylureas a medication which enables your body to secrete more insulin (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Some of the commonly used sulfonylureas include glipizide, glimepiride among others and they are administered orally at least once or twice in a day ( Drugs.com, 2018) . When taking this medication one needs to keep their diet on the check to ensure that the treatment is effective. For instance, if diagnosed with
DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENTS 3 diabetes and put on medication, he/she should ensure that he/she doesn't miss any meal and all meals are taken on schedule avoid lowering of the blood sugar (Ben-zacharia, 2010). Also, the
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