DSST Anthropology as a Discipline

Scientists interested in facilitating comparative

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Scientists interested in facilitating comparative research and making universal claims will rely on etic accounts. Since the infant of the human species enters the world cultureless, his behavior—-his attitudes, values, ideals, and beliefs, as well as his overt motor activity—-is powerfully influenced by the culture that surrounds him on all sides. It is almost impossible to exaggerate the power and influence of culture upon the human animal. It is powerful enough to hold the sex urge in check and achieve premarital chastity and even voluntary vows of celibacy for life. Among subhuman animals, it is merely the cessation of the vital processes of metabolism, respiration, and so on. In the human species, however, death is also a concept ; only man knows death. Culture triumphs over death and offers man eternal life. Thus, culture may deny satisfactions on the one hand while it fulfills desires on the other. If the cultural factor were a constant, personality would vary with the variations of the neurosensoryglandular-muscular structure of the individual. But there are no tests that can indicate, for example, precisely how much of the taxicab driver's ability to make change is due to innate endowment and how much to cultural experience. This is part of the whole "nature-nurture" debate, how much of a person is shaped by nature, his genes, and how much is shaped by the environment. A student of culture and personality is driven to work with "Modal personalities," that is, the personality of the typical Crow Indian or the typical Frenchman insofar as this can be determined. But it is of interest, theoretically at least, to note that even if both factors, the biologic and the cultural, were constant
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—-which they never are in actuality—-variations of personality would still be possible. For example, two young women might have the same experiences of (1) having a baby, (2) graduating from college, and (3) getting married. But the effect of sequence (1), (2), (3) upon personality development would be quite different than that of sequence (2), (3), (1). It is through the medium of folklores- that the culture of a primitive society is transmitted from one generation to another. In various primitive folklore of India it has been shown how a man depends on plants, animals tree and birds etc. A folktale is a general term for the many types of narrative literature found in the oral traditions of the world. Folktales are used for different types of stories including: fairy tales, ghost stories, parables, fables, myths and legends. One of the chief specialties of primitive art is that it is not for the sake of art, but for life . For example-- pottery. Most primitive art-products are the necessary articles of daily life. Social Organization Until modern times, marriage was rarely a matter of free choice . In Western civilization, love between spouses has come to be associated with marriage.
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