Key elements of his evolutionary theory 1 Differentiation as society evolves

Key elements of his evolutionary theory 1

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Key elements of his evolutionary theory 1. Differentiation – as society evolves, new structures must perform more specialized functions; this is called adaptive upgrading 2. Integration – as the number of subsystems increase, the problems of integrating these units increases. 3. There were more but she did not show them. Marx Is a conflict theorist Believes society is held together by coercion Is a dialectician The dialectic
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The central tenet of the dialectic is the idea of contradiction Marx is a dialectic materialist, not an idealist- he believes that the material conditions of society must change, not just ideas. The dialectic A major contradiction between the workers who do not own the means of production and are exploited by the capitalist and the capitalist who gains profit from the labor power. As workers resist, the capitalist impose more of their will and ultimately class conflict will ensue. Characteristics of dialiectic method o 1. You cannot separate values from facts-you must be passionate about your work o Marx is not a value-neutral theorist, his theory is value –laden o 2. Reciprocal Relations – there is not one way causality; Unit A influences UNIT b while Unit B influences Unit A. o 3. No inevitablities – the future is not always determined by present circumstances. o The possibilities exist for social change, but it is not going to occur without adequate social conditions o However, the agency, (action) of individuals is constrained or facilitated by the social structure. o Human nature – for Marx, a discussion of human nature has to take into account social and historical factors. o Species being – the potentials and powers associated with being human as opposed to another species. o Objectification – what distinguishes human nature, in relation to labor, is that we create in reality what we have originally created in our minds. o
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  • Fall '10
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  • Sociology, Marxism, Society/ Subsystems Example, relatively self-sufficient collectivity

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