Include giving feedback when parts of utterances are

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include “giving feedback when parts of utterances are unclear, when words are unintelligible asking the individual to show what they want, and allowing time to listen attentively” (Bowen, 2011). Finally since many patients lack muscle function SLPs will work with physical and occupational therapists. These therapists are essential to the intervention process because they “coordinate exercises to increase muscle functioning or to decrease hypertonia through relaxation techniques”(Owens, 2011 p. 366). It is the job of these therapists to aid in diminishing patients muscle deficits in order to improve speech. Since some common causes of dysarthria include Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy, and Acquired Brain Injuries there has been a vast amount of research for better treatment methods. With some successful and some under further research, these methods are designed to help SLPs with more treatment options. Many individuals with dysarthria due to cerebral palsy have trouble improving their
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Dysarthria 5 speech through conventional therapy; therefore new research has conducted a study on the effects of electropalatography treatment with speech disorders in five children. “The aim of this study was to investigate whether the visual feedback method of electropalatography (EPG) could be an effective tool for treating five children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy and to explore whether training improved the posteriorly placed articulation of Swedish dental/alveolar target consonants /t/, /d/, /n/, and /s/ produced in different position” (Nordberg, 2008). Before the EPG treatment, these five individuals used a phonetic transcription, which displayed “a retractable oral/posterior articulation pattern for the dental target consonants that were most often perceived as velars” (Nordberg, 2008). Each family was then lent a PTU where the therapy would take place in each participant’s household. It was conducted over eight weeks, five days a week, fifteen minutes a day. Through each daily session, “the children were encouraged to name seventy pictures three times from the Swedish Articulation and Nasality Test” (Nordberg, 2008). This EPG analysis would only pick up the Swedish dental/alveolar consonants /t/, /d/, /n/, and /s/ in the initial, medial, and final positions. “The alveolar total measures revealed significant higher values for initial and medial target consonants, with a more anterior place of articulation after treatment. For the final sounds, there was only a significant improvement with the consonant /t/” (Nordberg, 2008). In concluding this experiment, it not only significantly improved articulatory contact patterns but it also provided useful guidelines for identifying these abnormal contact patterns for dental/alveolar consonants in individuals with dysarthria and cerebral palsy.
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