PHIL 2500 Final Paper.docx

The third statement industrial agriculture uses is

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determine if what we’re eating really is safe, much less healthy. The third statement industrial agriculture uses is deceptive. Yes, the sticker on the shelf makes the products seem cheap, but “If you added the real costs of industrial food – its health, environmental, and social costs – to the current supermarket price, not even our wealthiest citizens could afford to buy it.” Part of this includes the heavy use of fossil fuel-powered machines. The increased cost of fossil fuels should increase the price of food, but we must also accommodate for the fact that the burning of these fossil fuels contributes significantly to environmental costs (Woodhouse 2010). Fourth, the agribusiness is not efficient. Smaller farms have a higher output per unit area than larger farms, which also require more mechanical and chemical input. The fifth point, that more options come with industrial agriculture, is also deceptive. While there are a variety of products lining grocery store shelves, thousands of crop species are being extinguished by the demand for cash crops
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LAND ETHIC AND INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE 4 (tobacco, sugar, et cetera) and a few major supplementary crops (such as corn and wheat). The sixth point, that agribusiness benefits the environment, has already been thoroughly discussed in this paper. Finally, the way the agribusiness portrays biotechnology as the solution to the consequences of industrial agriculture is incorrect. Biotechnology, despite the benefit of higher yields, only furthers the problems of this industrial practice. With more biotechnology comes further loss of biodiversity, further decay of soil, and unknown consequences to human health. These lies from the few dominating agribusiness corporations are another issue of industrial agriculture. In summary, industrial agriculture is a food production method dating back to the early and mid-1900s. With the soil erosion and nutrient depletion, loss of biodiversity, and changed habitats being some of the most prevalent and serious consequences, it is an unsustainable practice. Another major flaw it has is control and marketing dominated by a few major industries, which lie about efficiency and safety, amongst other things, in order to expand agribusiness. Industrial agriculture is detrimental to the environment and human health. The Land Ethic Aldo Leopold (1949) saw that man’s relation was “strictly economic, entailing privileges but no obligations.” He defined an ethic as “a mode of guidance for meeting ecological situations so new or intricate, or involving such deferred reactions, that the path of society expediency is not discernable to the average individual.” In other words, an ethic is the standards by which everyone should adhere to the point that, if confronted with a new ecological situation, everyone would respond in the exact same way. With this basic definition in mind, Leopold begins to develop the land ethic by discussing the concept of community. By his definition, community consists of interdependent parts and every individual is a member that must compete for his/her place. The land ethic is simple, and wishes to expand “the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively: the land.” For humans, this consists of shifting from “conqueror of the land- community to plain member and citizen of it.”
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