Education was becoming secularized science enters in

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knowledge). Education was becoming secularized, science enters in basic curriculum, break of religious teachings, human diversity needs to be acquired, study of individuality and study of change, Durkheim doesn’t believe in radical change, needs to be an harmonious, gentle process.Moral EducationAims: 1)Socialize the younger generation
Calling them to a moral way of life in the groupHow to share, express emotions in words, for small childrenEducation is an influence from the older generation on those that are not yet ready forsocial life.2)Getting individuals to learn valuesTeaching values, beliefs, they should respectModern context, teaching kids to become autonomousSee them as human beings able to make decisions, scientific inquiry, respect for dignity and free speech.3)The way a group reproduces itself throughout timeDo it through regularity and authorityThe SchoolDurkheim thinks of society in domestic life (family), secondary institutions (schools, professions), and civil life (citizens).Taking youngsters from home life and taking them to a middle ground (school) where they could practice citizenship.School is a space where children will enjoy being with others.Aspire to higher feelings of moral life.The state is too far from home life, hence why we need a middle ground like school.Teachers replace roles of elders or religious groups in traditional societies.The teacher is the priest’s successor according to DurkheimSupposed to be a moral example to childrenMust be interpreter of collective idealsBehavior of child is dominated by impulsesSanctionsPunishment– Should be infrequent, if there’s a lot of punishment, the school is failing. When child breaks a rule, there needs to be a consequence. Durkheim against corporal punishment (promotes fear in children). Aims to instill respect for moral authority.Rewards – Reward for respectSocial ClassPrior to modern times, only a small elite group had access to formal educationDurkheim acknowledges differences between classes in terms of character and formal education but believes these differences will disappear.
Send children on actual capacities and interests for future professions.The theme is social order being reproduced, with Durkheim it’s produced through education, through the shaping of people’s beliefs, interests, values, etc. StatisticsDurkheim looks at statistics and realizes constant rate of suicides.Must be something outside of individuals that produces suicidality, something must be present in the collective group that causes these rates and not in the individual.Rejected ExplanationsOrganic-psychic: Biological features, abnormalitiesConsiders abnormal: madness and alcoholismLooks at statistics and determines that there’s no coincidence between alcoholism andsuicide. There is no causal relationship.There are no organic-psychic conditions that cause suicide.Also considers race and heredity.

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