PSYC 213 Winter 2018 Malka A-r -females attributed higher IQ teste to other people compared to themselves more often than men -both males and females gave higher IQ estimates for their mothers interpretation: there is a gender bias in how intelligence is viewed (Èas a masculine trait) Three main uses for IQ scores 1.clinical and neuropsychological assessment 2.education placement 3. Career assessment Measuring intelligence ----Psychometrics -the study of psychological assessment -standardized tests ----Concepts related to psychometrics and testing -standardization (test scores are compared to pre-tested “standardization”-Scores are normally distributed (a normal curve symmetrical bell shaped curve) The start of intelligence testing FRANCIS GALTON -intelligence can be measured scientifically -Via reaction time to identify stimuli (ex sounds) He fouded the eugenics movement -it was racially motivated view of how to “improve” society by using intelligence measurements. Iluustrates influence of race and culture stereotypes in the development of intelligence tests. The “Bell Curve” book . It says intelligence is predicted by environmental and genetic factors( ethnicity and race can predict intelligence. There is a cognitive “elite”). Heavily criticized.The birth of IQ score: 1. Simon –Binet test -developped test in response to French govments request to identify children that needed special education. Only later used as intelligence test. For Binet intelligence is important for -practucal life -adapting to circumstances -judging nd reasoning well Performance method: asses intellectual skills and knowledge by determining the ability to correctly answer questions. Used empirical evidence to create questions to determine child’s mental age simon binet test: 30 questions of increasing difficulty (easy to hard) For the number of questions answered correctly, a child mental age was calculated.