pumped water out of mines. Although Newcomen’s invention was inefficient it was improved by James Watt. Not only did Watts invention save energy it lead to an increase in coal production, made cloth, drive ships and locomotives. As the years went on better versions were made while slowing replacing the others. This boom of creativity and technology helped the economy to flourish but workers suffered because the machines were taking over what was once their jobs. Some would feel that this is a process that still affects us today. These are a few of the advancements that gave rise to the Industrial Revolution. The invention of more and better transportation increased which allowed people to move further away from the city and factories. Being further away provided better living conditions rather than having multiple families in a household. This would also decrease the inhalation of
smoke and prevent may respiratory illnesses. In the beginning the only option was to walk to Industrial Revolution 3 and from where ever you were going. The streets were not fully developed and filled with water in the spring time. This problem was eventually fixed by John McAdam. He threw rocks in layers on the road and once the pressure of the traffic passed it then packed the rocks closer together. Then there was water transportation that ran in canals next to the coal mines and factories. The first canal was the Bridgewater Canal in Britain which opened in 1761. Within seventy years more rivers and canals were built that stretched almost 4000 miles. There were also the horse tram, buses, and eventually trains all at a cheap fare. The agricultural advances made it possible to keep up with the growing population and gave an increase to landowners. Once the word spread on how to produce a good crop and benefit from it, it wasn’t long before the competition began between farmers around the world.
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- Spring '17
- Industrial Revolution