The needs theory critique purpose and concept of the

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The Need’s Theory CritiquePurpose and Concept of the TheoryThe purpose of Virginia Henderson’s need theory defines the focus of nursing practice. Itprovides patient-centered care in aiding those in need back to independence in performing daily activities. The Need’s Theory is made up of fourteen concepts for nursing activities based on human needs. These concepts are as followed: “1.) Breathe normally, 2.) Eat and drink
THEORY CRITIQUE6adequately, 3.) Eliminate body waste, 4.) Move and maintain desirable postures, 5.) Sleep and rest, 6.) Select suitable cloths – dress and undress, 7.) Maintain body temperature within normalrange by adjusting clothing and modifying the environment, 8.) Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument, 9.) Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others, 10.) Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, and opinions, 11.) Worship according to one’s faith, 12.) Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment, 13.) Play and participate in various forms of recreation, 14.) Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities” (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015).DefinitionThe definition of this theory is that it is a grand theory that focuses on nursing care and activities for daily living. Although vague, I feel it helps to look to Henderson’s definition of nursing. Her definition is unique and well known across the nursing profession. Her definition isas follow: “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge” (Ahtisam & Jacoline, 2015).Structure and relationship of Theory. The structure of the Need’s theory is simply and guides nurses to provide excellent basic care. This theory can be used in all aspects of nursing from aiding the well, to caring for the sick, or comforting the dying. The relationship within this theory is between the nurse and the
THEORY CRITIQUE7patient. This relationship is crucial in the recovery of patients and aiding them to independence. If there is a fault in the relationship, there is a deal in recovery.Assumption of Theory There are a couple assumptions of Henderson’s needs theory. The first being that nurses are caring for patients until they can independently care for themselves. The second is that the patient wants to recovery. Some patients tend to “give up” and nurses must give them that extra little push to keep going. Critical Reflection of The Need’s TheoryClarity and SimplicityThese two areas of reflection are closely related and will be reflected together. The Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory is clear in explanation of caring for patients and is simple for nurses to follow.

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