animal’s back, it demonstrates the influential power of art and printing through its ability to shape how Europeans imagined one animal for hundreds of years. "Rhinocerus (Rhinoceros)." The British Museum: Collection Online . The British Museum, n.d. Web . 1 Aug. 2017. "Johannes Gutenberg." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia . 22 July 2017. Web . 1 Aug. 2017. Sherwin, Skye. "Albrecht Dürer’s The Rhinoceros: the most influential animal picture ever?" The Guardian . Guardian News and Media Limited, 11 Nov. 2016. Web . 1 Aug. 2017. UNIT 7 | Transformation of Western Europe and Russia | SQ 8: What cultural effects did the Renaissance and the printing press have in northern Europe?
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Watch Simple Show Foundation’s video “William Shakespeare- In a Nutshell” and read the transcript below, then answer the accompanying questions. Well known, "The Bard" was an English author of famous plays about a lot of different things and he lived during the Elizabethan era. (0:17) Born in England in 1564, he started his career as an actor and playwright as a member of the actors group the "Lord Chamberlain's company", which later become the "King`s Company". They played in several theaters until eventually they built the famous Globe Theatre - their very first own stage. As there were only male members in the company, every role had to be played by men. (0:48) But that wasn't the reason why Shakespeare's plays, like “Othello” or “Hamlet” became popular. To match the various tastes of a diverse audience, Shakespeare created texts of high complexity, containing relatively simple plots. (1:03) Being the key to his success, his stories also contained multiple interlocking plots, twists and confusions, containing something for everyone in the audience, so it wasn't just for common people, who enjoyed his works, his company even played at the king's court for the amusement of the aristocracy. Beside the plays, Shakespeare also wrote a multitude of sonnets and poems. (1:28) At first his work consisted almost exclusively of the histories and comedies, like "A Midsummer Night's Dream" and "Henry VI". Later tragedies like "Hamlet" also became part of his portfolio. In his work, Shakespeare used his own special language, rich in metaphors and a vivid images.