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17 18 geographical distribution of aids 19

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17
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18 Geographical Distribution of AIDS
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19 Geographical Distribution of AIDS (2007)
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20
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21 Estimated HIV diagnoses in 2010 by race/ethnicity http://www.avert.org/usa-statistics.htm Possible reasons for high HIV infection rates among Blacks Condoms Access to heath care Education STDs
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22 Gender Distribution of HIV Infections in the US Estimates of 2009 new HIV infections by gender
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2010 diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by sex 23
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24 Mode of Transmission HIV Infections Gender and Ethnicity Women Men Estimates of annual new infections in women by race and risk Estimates of annual new infections in men by race and risk
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25 Why are women more susceptible to HIV infection than men??? Conc of HIV is higher in semen than vaginal secretions = uninfected woman is exposed to more virus Also semen can remain long time in vagina = increasing length of exposure to HIV
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President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Has provided $46 billion for global AIDS programs to 32 countries in Africa, Asia, and Caribbean • Provides education, prevention, care, and treatment, and counseling • Provides co-ordination between World Bank and US non-profit, faith-based, and government agencies including Peace Corps 27
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Results of PEPFAR Program Prevention: provided education to 61.5 million people and helped support prevention of mother-child transmission in 15 million pregnancies Treatment: provided anti-retroviral drugs to 3.2 million people Care: provided health care to 11 million people including 3.2 million children; provided counseling and testing to 47 million people 28
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