Lecture_13

Blood transfusion 2 3 blood products perinatal 1 9

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Blood transfusion/ 2% 3% blood products Perinatal 1 9 Sexual intercourse 78 80 Heterosexual intercourse 27 70 Injection-drug use 19 8
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16 % of AIDS Cases Among Sexually Active Homosexual Men White, non-Hispanic All racial/ethnic minorities Black, non-hispanic Hispanic * * * * 2009
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17
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18 Geographical Distribution of AIDS
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19 Geographical Distribution of AIDS (2007)
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20
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21 Estimated HIV diagnoses in 2010 by race/ethnicity http://www.avert.org/usa-statistics.htm Possible reasons for high HIV infection rates among Blacks Condoms Access to heath care Education STDs
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22 Gender Distribution of HIV Infections in the US Estimates of 2009 new HIV infections by gender
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2010 diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by sex 23
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24 Mode of Transmission HIV Infections Gender and Ethnicity Women Men Estimates of annual new infections in women by race and risk Estimates of annual new infections in men by race and risk
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25 Why are women more susceptible to HIV infection than men??? Conc of HIV is higher in semen than vaginal secretions = uninfected woman is exposed to more virus Also semen can remain long time in vagina = increasing length of exposure to HIV
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President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Has provided $46 billion for global AIDS programs to 32 countries in Africa, Asia, and Caribbean • Provides education, prevention, care, and treatment, and counseling • Provides co-ordination between World Bank and US non-profit, faith-based, and government agencies including Peace Corps 27
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Blood transfusion 2 3 blood products Perinatal 1 9 Sexual in

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