Public Speaking Reading Notes

Consider your own knowledge and interests because the

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Consider your own knowledge and interests, because the more attached you are with the topic, the better your speech will be. Consider the context of the speech, is it being given on occasion, in what environment? Stick to your topic Refining your topic: Decide your rhetorical purpose, whether it is informative, persuasive, or a special occasion. Narrow your topic to something that would fit into your time slot, or that is reduced from a very general broad topic Remember your audience, and draw on your interests and expertise Defining your specific purpose statement: The specific purpose is the objective of your speech Thesis statement is a single sentence that captures your overall message you want to convey in your speech Chapter 7: Researching your Speech Why research? To learn more about your topic before developing main points To gather evidence from credible sources to support main points To gain credibility as a speaker Creating a Research Plan: A research plan is a strategy for finding and keeping track of information you use in your speech Form research objectives, and scour for sources according to what you need to find, and how well you know your topic Ask research librarians who are specialized in finding sources to help with this kind of shit Look in books, journal articles, newspapers, quality online sources, or interview someone Keywords are important when looking in indexes or catalogs ALWAYS cite in order to keep track of your work Evaluating a source’s credibility: When evaluating the credibility of a source, observe: expertise, objectivity, observational capacity, and recency Expertise is the possession of knowledge necessary to offer reliable facts or opinions about the topic at hand Objectivity is having no bias, prejudice, or partisanship Observational capacity is the act of being able to witness a situation for oneself in order to gain more credibility. Recency is timelineness. Newer evidence is often more reliable than older evidence. Conducting Library Research: Use the catalog Don’t only go for one book, look at books around the book you’re looking for, they’re probably pertinent Periodicals are good because they’re subject to peer review, or reviewed by experts in the field Online indexes instead of catalogs are also helpful because they provide full text sources, or the article or section that is needed by keyword(s). if not, they offer abstracts, or summaries of the section
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Specialized Periodical Indexes focus on one subject and are increasingly available Newspapers, reference works (encyclopedias, dictionaries, quotation books, atlases, etc.) Government documents can provide useful information – catalog of US government publications, GPO access, cq electronic library Using the Internet: The internet allows you an infinite amount of sources at the convenience of your desk, and at blinding speed Most of the knowledge in the world is published in books and copyrighted, which means it can’t be put on the internet Also, the internet can sometimes not be credible. Credibility can’t be based off of .gov, .com,
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