Prime example of Christians absorbing cultural perspectives or values - Spiritual or divine is good and matter is evil - “Christ, united with Wisdom, descended into him, and thus Jesus Christ was made” Letter to Diognetus - Christian apologists defend faith - “They are ‘in the flesh’ but they do not like ‘according to the flesh’” Martyrdom of Perpetua - She defied state and father’s authority - 22 year old martyr - Honored to die for her faith
Creeds - “We believe…” - Jesus and Christ are one being, not separate - Jesus Christ always existed, he wasn’t created Eusebius - Historian at the Council at Nicea - Constantine took it upon himself to call a church council - Constantine takes an active role in the council - Constantine is really encouraging church leaders to come together Life of St. Anthony - He goes out into the desert and is tempted/challenged by Satan - White martyrdom - After Christianity became legal Christians began to “persecute” themselves Augustine’s “Confessions” - Autobiography - Childhood/early adulthood as nonbeliever - Accepted Christianity but couldn’t will himself to believe it - Comes to believe Christianity in the garden Augustine’s “The City of God” - Christians can we a part of the earthly world as long as it does conflict with the heavenly world - Christians have a foot in both worlds - Live in the world, but not of the world Augustine’s “Letter to Count Boniface” - Christians can engage in war as long as it fits the criteria for a just war Tertullian’s “The Chaplet” - Christians cannot engage in war, unless they become a Christian will already in the army
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- Spring '20