Operations m business school of central south

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Operations Management 79-39 Business School of Central South University The Heritage of Operations The Heritage of Operations Management - Continued Management - Continued Material requirements planning (Orlicky 1960) Computer aided design (CAD 1970) Flexible manufacturing system (FMS 1975) Baldrige Quality Awards (1980) Computer integrated manufacturing (1990) Globalization(1992) Internet (1995)
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Operations Management 79-40 Business School of Central South University Eli Whitney Eli Whitney Born 1765; died 1825 In 1798, received government contract to make 10,000 muskets Showed that machine tools could make standardized parts to exact specifications Musket parts could be used in any musket © 1995 Corel Corp.
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Operations Management 79-41 Business School of Central South University Frederick W. Taylor Frederick W. Taylor Born 1856; died 1915 Known as ‘father of scientific management’ In 1881, as chief engineer for Midvale Steel, studied how tasks were done Began first motion & time studies Created efficiency principles © 1995 Corel Corp.
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Operations Management 79-42 Business School of Central South University Taylor: Management Should Take Taylor: Management Should Take More Responsibility for More Responsibility for Matching employees to right job Providing the proper training Providing proper work methods and tools Establishing legitimate incentives for work to be accomplished
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Operations Management 79-43 Business School of Central South University Frank & Lillian Gilbreth Frank & Lillian Gilbreth Frank (1868-1924); Lillian (1878-1972) Husband-and-wife engineering team Further developed work measurement methods Applied efficiency methods to their home & 12 children! (Book & Movie: “Cheaper by the Dozen,” book: “Bells on Their Toes”) © 1995 Corel Corp.
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Operations Management 79-44 Business School of Central South University Born 1863; died 1947 In 1903, created Ford Motor Company In 1913, first used moving assembly line to make Model T Unfinished product moved by conveyor past work station Paid workers very well for 1911 ($5/day!) Henry Ford Henry Ford Make them all alike !’ © 1995 Corel Corp.
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Operations Management 79-45 Business School of Central South University W. Edwards Deming W. Edwards Deming Born 1900; died 1993 Engineer & physicist Credited with teaching Japan quality control methods in post-WW2 Used statistics to analyze process His methods involve workers in decisions
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Operations Management 79-46 Business School of Central South University Contributions From Contributions From Human factors Industrial engineering Management science Biological science Physical sciences Information science
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Operations Management 79-47 Business School of Central South University Significant Events in OM Significant Events in OM Division of labor (Smith, 1776) Standardized parts (Whitney, 1800) Scientific management (Taylor, 1881) Coordinated assembly line (Ford 1913) Gantt charts (Gantt, 1916) Motion study (the Gilbreths, 1922) Quality control (Shewhart, 1924)
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Operations Management
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