Foramen rounded passageway through a bone foramen magnum Fossa flattened or

Foramen rounded passageway through a bone foramen

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Foramen- rounded passageway through a bone (foramen magnum) Fossa- flattened or shallow depression (mandibular fossa in temporal bone) Meatus- passageway through a bone (external auditory meatus in temporal bone) Sinus- closed cavity inside a bone (frontal sinus) 34. What is a crest? Give example. Crest- a narrow, prominent, ridge like projection (Iliac crest) 35. Where would you find an epicondyle? Give example. Above a condyle at the end of a bone. Example- medial epicondyle of the humerus 36. What is the name for the bones formed within tendons under conditioners of physical stress? Sesamoid bones 37. What are additional small bones found in sutures between large cranial bones in some people? Sutural bones 38. If paramedics are doing CPR incorrectly, which bones can they accidentally break in a patient? The Xiphoid process of the sternum 39. Name all cranial bones and all facial bones. Cranial bones: Frontal bone, parietal bones, temporal bones, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, ethmoid bone Facial bones- Mandible, maxilla, zygomatic bone, nasal bones, lacrimal bones, palatine bones, inferior nasal conchae, vomer 40. Describe the structure of a vertebra. Consists of a weight-bearing body, a pedicle and lamina forming the vertebral arch, and several processes. 41. Name the region of vertebral column and describe their specifics. What is the number of vertebrae in each region? 7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, 5 lumbar vertebrae, 1 sacral vertebra, 1 coccygeal 42. Name spinal curves and pathological conditions associated with them. Relative to the front of the body, the cervical and lumbar curves are bulging out. The thoracic and sacral curves are cupping in. 43. How many true and false ribs do you have? What is the difference between them? The upper 7 pairs of ribs are called true ribs because they attach to the sternum directly with a small piece of costal cartilage. The bottom 5 pairs of ribs are called false ribs because they are not directly attached to the sternum but to the costal cartilage of rib 7. 44. Where are the auditory ossicles located and what is their function? The auditory ossicles are located in the middle ear. They transmit vibrations from tympanic membrane to inner ear via the oval window. 45. Which bone is not connected to other bones and provides attachments for neck and tongue muscles? Hyoid bone 46. List bones in upper limb in the correct order. Humerus, Radius, Ulna, 8 carpal bones, 5 metacarpal bones, phalanges 47. Name all 7 tarsal bones in order. Talus, calcaneus, Navicular, Medial cuneiform, Intermediate cuneiform, Lateral Cuneiform, Cuboid 48. Name all 8 carpal bones in order.
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Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate 49. Name bones and their parts that form the following joints: hip, knee, shoulder, elbow. Label parts of a long bone Red Marrow Compact bone Endosteum Medullary cavity Epiphysis Metaphysis Diaphysis Metaphysis Distal Epiphysis Periosteum Spongy bone Yellow Marrow Articular Cartilage Articular Cartilage Nutrient artery Epiphyseal line
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  • Fall '16
  • Lambrini Nicopoulos
  • Bone fracture

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