CLAS_267_lect_5b_class_notes_2013_settlements-2

Large cache of goddess figurines found in storage

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large cache of goddess figurines found in storage room in corner of central structure deposition was neither careful nor careless assumption of G. Gesell is that goddess figurines (her ‘girls’) had been on display in ritual area but when too many came to be deposited, the old ones were cleared away o as religious, they could not merely be discarded so placed in a storage area 4
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Harrison/CLAS 267 Lect 5b (2013) - IMAGE 23: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; theatral area IMAGE 24: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; theatral area IMAGE 25: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; theatral area on north next to shrine assumed same function at Knossos, Malia, Phaistos looks out on to the courtyard IMAGE 26: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; storage areas very small storage area on west part basement level same position as at Knossos, Malia, Phaistos long, narrow storage magazines off main corridor other storage areas more square in shape like Malia, storage also in other areas to east of storage area is a ‘megaron’ in central structure seems to be the main area of central structure behind ‘megaron’ are what is identified as habitation/domestic quarters IMAGE 27: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; south slopes, dwellings/industrial IMAGE 28: Gournia, 2 nd palace period, south slopes, streets and steps south slopes seems houses and workshops narrow streets stepped paths chose to build on terrain not suitable for agriculture jumble of buildings at ground, no windows or entrances [= security] paths would have been blind alleyways IMAGE 29: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; kernos in downslope area kernos found in downslope area in association with mill for grinding flower because of size of depressions looks utilitarian o could be table for grinding herbs with a stone IMAGE 30: Gournia, 2 nd palace period; plan on the whole, complex looks a reduction and simplification of Knossos, Malia, Phaistos assumption is that Gournia planned to be a palace site but never grew into one topography favours some palace in this area o khania – NW 5
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Harrison/CLAS 267 Lect 5b (2013) - o PHAISTOS – S Central o KNOSSOS – N Coastal o MALIA – N Coastal o [Gournia] – NE Coastal o zakro -- SE thought also to be regional east Cretan version of a palace West Courtyard: o very small o irregularly shaped o space not integrated into central structure more like a widened street at this point Public Courtyard: o much longer than wide o not built along the same proportions as Knossos, Malia, Phaistos South Area of Central Structure: o lost down the slope of the hill o probably had a series of pier-and-door partition halls and light wells KATO ZAKRO Model of the ‘1 st palace that ran out of steam’ IMAGE 31: Map with location of Kato Zakro one of the smaller palaces during the 1 st palace period after MM III earthquake (c. 1700 BCE), cannot return to its same size and prestige extensively rebuilt but on smaller scale IMAGE 32:
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  • Winter '13
  • GeorgeHarrison
  • Minoan civilization, Knossos, Palace period, Gournia, Zakro, Kato Zakro

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