Fig 8 global goods export market share 1 of leading

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FIG. 8 Global goods export market share 1 of leading European countries (2011-2016) Source: IMF, DOTS database; Business France calculations Key: In the first half of 2016, France accounted for 3.3% of global goods exports, the United Kingdom for 2.6%, and Spain for 1.9%. 8.7% 3.6% 3.3% 2.6% 3.0% 2.6% 1.9% Germany Netherlands United Kingdom France Italy Belgium Spain 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 H1 2016 1 Global market share = national goods exports divided by total global goods exports (in dollars). Based on data on the trade in merchandise goods from the IMF DOTS database. 158 / 2016 ANNUAL REPORT - BUSINESS FRANCE CHAP. 5 / FRENCH EXPORTS IN 2016
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These figures reflect the importance of cross- border trade in intermediate goods between neighboring countries – a growing trend driven by increasingly fragmented production chains – as well as the fact that it remains less costly to trade with neighbors than with faraway countries, despite falling international transport costs. As such, France’s market share in 2015 with its border partners was 12.1% in Spain, 9.7% in Belgium, 8.7% in Italy, 7.7% in Germany and 6.2% in Switzerland. By world region, France’s market share is at its highest relative to its European competitors in Africa, where it is the leading European supplier (6.6% market share in 2014). This performance can be explained primarily by the special trade relationship between France and North Africa. France’s 2015 market share was particularly high in Algeria (14.6%), Morocco (12.6%) and Tunisia (21%), whereas in Sub-Saharan Africa, it was only 4%. In 2015, France gained market share in Brazil, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Singapore, Tunisia and Turkey, while also maintaining its position with its primary Asian customers: China, Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea. FIG. 9 Goods export market shares of leading European exporters by world region (2015) FIG. 10 France’s market share in its largest goods export markets (2015) 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% North America Middle East and North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Emerging Asia World Europe 1.3% 4.0% 3.9% 1.6% 3.5% 3.1% United Kingdom Italy Belgium Germany Netherlands France Spain 1.7% 5.6% 1.9% 4.2% 21% 6.2% 4.4% 1.3% 12.1% 2.1% 2.6% 2.8% 5.5% 7.2% 4.2% 3.7% 12.6% 1.0% 1.2% 8.7% 1.1% 4.3% 0.8% 7.7% 3.1% 1.4% 3.3% 9.7% 2.6% 14.6% Falling Rising Stable 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% United States United Kingdom United Arab Emirates Turkey Tunisia Switzerland Sweden Spain South Korea Singapore Saudi Arabia Russia Romania Portugal Poland Netherlands Morocco Mexico Japan Italy India Hungary Hong Kong Germany Czech Republic China Brazil Belgium Austria Algeria Key: France accounted for 4% of global exports to Sub-Saharan Africa, Germany 4.8%, and the United Kingdom 2.6%. Key: Percentages indicate France’s market share in its 30 largest export markets. Countries where France’s market share has grown (+0.1 percentage points or more from 2014 to 2015) are in pink; countries where market share has fallen are in light purple. Countries where market share has changed less than 0.1 percentage point are considered “stable”, and are in dark purple.
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