Explain how geographic, environmental, and religious factors shaped the development of
and lifestyle of various communities especially as it relates to daily life in the 17
for each of these regions.
The Southern Colonies enjoyed warm climate with hot summers and mild winters. Most people
in the Southern Colonies were Anglican (Baptist or Presbyterian), though most of the original
settlers from the Maryland colony were Catholic, as Lord Baltimore founded it as a refuge for
English Catholics. Religion did not have the same impact on communities as in the New England
colonies or the Mid-Atlantic colonies because people lived on plantations that were often distant
and spread out from one another. The Southern economy was almost entirely based on farming.
Rice, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and cotton were cash crops. Crops were grown on large
plantations where slaves and indentured servants worked the land. In fact, Charleston, South
Carolina became one of the centers of the American slave trade in the 1700’s.
A) Small New England farms used relatively few enslaved laborers, all
port cities held signi9icant minorities of enslaved people, and the
emerging plantation systems of the Chesapeake and the
southernmost Atlantic coast had large numbers of enslaved workers,