3 based on your answers to the previous two questions

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Biology
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 013
Biology
Martin/Solomon
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about where anthropoids with this dental formula live today.) 3. Based on your answers to the previous two questions, which of these fossil anthropoids do you think is found earlier in the fossil record? Station 4: The Miocene I – Early Fossil Apes, Proconsul(20-17mya) (2 pts.)The fossil record suggests that hominoids and cercopithecoids diverged by the Late Oligocene (at least 25 mya), however the record for both groups is very poor until the Miocene. Among early ape taxa, none is better represented or more iconic than the genus Proconsul, found throughout the volcanic rift valleys of Kenya and Uganda. Use the macaque, chimpanzee and Proconsulmaterials along with the handouts at this station to answer the questions below. 1. Describe at least twocranio-dental characteristics that group Proconsulwith hominoids to the exclusion of cercopithecoids.
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Biology
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 013
Biology
Martin/Solomon
Expert Verified
4 2. Compare the skeleton of Proconsulon the handout to the articulated skeletons. Name one similarity and one difference between the chimpanzee and Proconsul. Name one similarity and one difference between the macaque and Proconsul3. Using what you’ve learned about relative limb proportions and primate locomotion, what kind of locomotion does the macaque have vs. the chimpanzee in the trees? Do the limb proportions of Proconsulmore closely resemble the macaque or the chimpanzee? Is this what you would expect in a hominoid ancestor based on arboreal locomotor patterns in modern hominoids? Station 5: The Miocene through Pleistocene – Fossil Apes in Asia (1.5 pts.)During the Miocene, a dispersal of larger-bodied, thick-enameled apes from Africa into Eurasia formed the basis of a radiation thought to produce both the ancestor to modern orangutans and the largest primate to ever live: Gigantopithecus. Use the fossil material and handouts at this station to answer the following questions about members of this radiation. 1. Sivapithecus(15-9 mya) is an ape fossil found in Pakistan and northwestern India that is thought to be an early relative of orangutans. Describe two characteristicsshared between Sivapithecusand the orangutan, to the exclusion of the chimpanzee 2. Fossils of Gigantopithecuswere first discovered in a Chinese apothecary shop, and have since been found in Vietnam and India. Little has been recovered of Gigantopithecusbesides teeth, but primate molar size and body size are tightly correlated. Measure the length and width of the Gigantopithecustooth provided at this station (in millimeters)and use the equation below to estimate its body size (Google has a scientific calculator if you need one): e ^((LN(__________ x __________) x 1.5) + 3.55) = ____________ grams Length Width Body Weight .
5 Homework: Primate Behavior (3 pts.) An important component of biological anthropology is studying the behavior of non-human primates. However, this is impossible to accomplish in the lab. This exercise is designed to allow all students the opportunity to briefly study the behavior of a non-human primate. Your task is to collect a sampling of behavioral data. For this, you may either visit the primate exhibit

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