This however was deleted during the constitutional

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provided by law.” This, however, was deleted during the constitutional commission’s deliberations because it was redundant to the CSC’s nature as an administrativ e agency. The 1987 Administrative Code the spelled out the CSC’s rulemaking power in concrete terms in Section 12, Book V, Title I-A, which empowered the CSC to implement the civil service law and other pertinent laws, and to promulgate policies, standards and guidelines for the civil service. The CSC’s rule -making power as a constitutional grant is an aspect of its independence as a constitutional commission. It places the grant of this power outside the reach of Congress, which cannot withdraw the power at any time. But while the grant of the CSC’s rule - making power is untouchable by Congress, the laws that the CSC interprets and enforces fall within the prerogative of Congress. As an administrative agency, the CSC’s quasi - legislative power is subject to the same limitations applicable to other administrative bodies. The rules that the CSC formulates must not override, but must be in harmony with, the law it seeks to apply and implement, Two questions logically follow our conclusion on the extent of the CSC ’s rule - making power. The first is whether Section 1 (c), Rule II of CSC Memorandum Circular No. 40 s. 1998, was issued pursuant to the CSC’s rule-making power; the second is whether this provision involves compensation, position classification and/or qualification standards that TIDCORP claims to be exempt from. We answer both questions in the affirmative. We agree with the CSC’s position that CSC Memorandum Circular No. 40, s. 1998, and CSC Resolution No. 15, s. 1999. Were all issued pursuant to its rule-making power. No less than the introductory clause of CSC Memorandum Circular No. 40, s. 1998, confirms this. Both these memoranda govern appointments and personnel actions in the civil service. CSC Memorandum Circular No. 40, s. 1998, or the “Revised Omni bus Rules on Appointments and Other Personnel Actions,” updated and consolidated the various issuances on appointments and other personnel actions and simplified their processing, this was subsequently amended by CSC Memorandum Circular No. 15, s. 1999. The assailed provisions in those memorandum circulars, however, involve position classification. Section 1 (c), Rule III of CSC Memorandum Circular No. 40, s. 1998, requires, as a condition sine qua non for the approval of an appointment, that the position title indicated therein conform with the approved Position Allocation List. The position title should also be found in the Index of Occupational Service. According to National Compensation Circular No. 58, the Position Allocation List is a list prepared by the DBM which reflects the allocation of existing positions to the new position titles in accordance with the Index of Occupational Service, Position Titles and Salary Grades issued under National Compensation Circular No. 57. Both circulars were published by the DBM pursuant to its mandate from RA 6758 to establish a position classification system in the government.
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