The ability to adapt effectively and recover from

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The ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis (Ch. 8, 214; Ch. 11, 285) Respiration The exchange of gases between the body and the environment (Ch. 16, 428) Resting heart rate The number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active (Ch. 4, 92) Retina The light-sensitive membrane on which images are cast by the cornea (Ch. 14, 372) Rheumatoid arthritis A disease characterized by the debilitating destruction of the joints due to inflammation (Ch. 26, 694) Risk behaviors Actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others (Ch. 1, 17) Road rage A practice of endangering drivers by using a vehicle as a weapon (Ch. 27, 722) Role A part you play in a relationship (Ch. 10, 250) Role model Someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others (Ch. 2, 40) S Sclera The white part of the eye (Ch. 14, 372) Scoliosis An abnormal lateral, or side-to-side, curvature of the spine (Ch. 15, 391; Ch. 19, 507) Scrotum An external skin sac that extends outside the body and contains the testes (Ch. 18, 469) Sebaceous glands Structures within the skin that produce an oily secretion called sebum (Ch. 14, 361) Sedentary lifestyle A way of life that involves little physical activity (Ch. 4, 77) Self-actualization The striving to become the best you can be (Ch. 7, 174) Self-control A person’s ability to use responsibility to override emotions (Ch. 12, 319) Self-defense Any strategy for protecting oneself from harm (Ch. 13, 332) Self-directed Able to make correct decisions about behavior when adults are not present to enforce rules (Ch. 20, 528) HEALTH_2004_BACKMATTER_2_TX 1/8/04 2:15 PM Page 801
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802 Glossary Semen A thick fluid containing sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive system (Ch. 18, 469) Separation A decision between married individuals to live apart from each other (Ch. 11, 281) Severe weather Harsh or dangerous weather conditions (Ch. 27, 725) Sex characteristics The traits related to a person’s gender (Ch. 20, 515) Sexual abuse Any sexual contact that is forced upon a person against his or her will (Ch. 11, 287) Sexual assault Any intentional sexual attack against another person (Ch. 13, 346) Sexual harassment Uninvited and unwelcome sexual conduct directed at another person (Ch. 13, 336) Sexual violence Any form of unwelcome sexual conduct directed at an individual, including sexual harassment, sexual assault, and rape (Ch. 13, 345) Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) Infectious diseases spread from person to person through sexual contact (Ch. 12, 318; Ch. 25, 648) Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Infectious diseases spread from person to person through sexual contact (Ch. 25, 648) Shock A failure of the cardiovascular system to keep an adequate supply of blood circulating to the vital organs of the body (Ch. 28, 747) Short-term goal A goal that you can reach in a short length of time (Ch. 2, 35) Sibling A brother or sister (Ch. 11, 278) Side effects Reactions to medicine other than the one intended (Ch. 23, 589) Sidestream smoke The smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar (Ch. 21, 551) Sinusitis Inflammation of the tissues that line the sinuses (Ch. 16, 435) Skeletal muscles
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