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QUESTION 331.A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:a.Cystitisb.Chronic pyelonephritisc.Acute glomerulonephritisd.Renal calculi1 points QUESTION 341.A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:1 points QUESTION 351.The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons.1 points QUESTION 36
1.When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of:1 points QUESTION 371.A nurse is preparing to teach about the loop of Henle. Which information should be included? The descending segment of the loop of Henle primarily allows for:a.Sodium secretionb.Potassium secretionc.Hydrogen ion reabsorptiond.Water reabsorption1 points QUESTION 381.A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition:1 points QUESTION 391.A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting:
1 points QUESTION 401.A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later hedeveloped acute glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause of this disease?