Compromise of 1850 north california admitted as a

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° Compromise of 1850 – North :• California admitted as a free state• Texas gave up its claims to lands disputed with New Mexico• Slave trade in D.C. was banned, but slavery was legal South :• Popular sovereignty in Mexican Cession lands• Texas was paid $10 million for land lost• A new, tougher Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 ° Fugitive slave act - A law making it a crime to help runaway slaves. If caught could face up to 6 months in prison and a $1000 dollar fine. Commissioners 10 dollars right slave $5 dollars wrong slave. ° Kansas-Nebraska Act - This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were pro-slavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare. ° Dred Scott decision - Scott was a black slave who had lived with his master for five years in Illinois and Wisconsin territory. He sued for his freedom on the basis of his long residence in free territory. The Dred Scott court decision was handed down by the Supreme Court on March 6,1857. The Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott was a black slave and not a citizen. Hence, he could not sue in a federal court.
° Abraham Lincoln - nicknamed "Old Abe" and "Honest Abe"; born in Kentucky to impoverished parents and mainly self-educated; a Springfield lawyer. Republicans chose him to run against Senator Douglas (a Democrat) in the senatorial elections of 1858. Although he loss victory to senatorship that year, Lincoln came to be one of the most prominent northern politicians and emerged as a Republican nominee for president. Although he won the presidential elections of 1860, he was a minority and sectional president (he was not allowed on the ballot in ten southern states). ° Antietam - battle in Maryland that ended Lee's first invasion of the North. Known for being the bloodiest day in the war, and led to the Emancipation Proclamation ° self-emancipation - arguing that slaves, in essence, had freed themselves by fleeing from their bondage in such huge numbers (a mass of humanity known as “contrabands”) that Lincoln had no choice but to codify their flight by issuing his rather limp order. ° Oneida-
Ch 15- Reconsttruction, Meaning of Freedom, 1865- 1877 01/14/2015 I. Meaning of Freedom Out of conflict, questions over meaning of freedom shaped relations between blacks and whites ° A. Blacks and the meaning of freedom Blacks shaped by their experiences/observations o Model after whites Experiences did blacks want to avoid o No more whip o Want rights to meet freely o No more sexual exploitation of black women ° B. Families in Freedom Family most important unit in black emancipation Separate spheres ° C. Church and School ° ° II. making of Radical Reconstruction A. Andrew Johnson B.

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