Second a word of general significance in a statute is

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ordinary and common use and acceptation. Second, a word of general significance in a statute is to be taken in its ordinary and comprehensive sense, unless it is shown that the word is intended to be given a different or restricted meaning; what is generally spoken shall be generally understood and general words shall be understood in a general sense. The Court looks to the language of the document itself in our search for its meaning. In Naval’s case, the words of R.A.No. 9716 plainly state that the new Second Districtis to be created, but the Third Districtis to be renamed. Verba legis non est recedendum. The terms used in a legal provision to be construed compels acceptance and negates the power of the courts to alter it, based on the postulate that the framers mean what they say.46
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POLITICAL LAW CASE DIGESTS 286 The verb create means to "make or produce something new." On the other hand, the verb renamemeans to "give a new name to someone or something." A complete reading of R.A. No. 9716 yields no logical conclusion other than that the lawmakers intended the old Second District to be merely renamed as the current Third District. It likewise bears noting that the actual difference in the population of the old Second District from that of the current Third District amounts to less than 10% of the population of the latter. This numerical fact renders the new Third District as essentially, although not literally, the same as the old Second District. Hence, while Naval is correct in his argument that Sanggunian members are elected by district, it does not alter the fact that the district which elected him for the third and fourth time is the same one which brought him to office in 2004 and 2007. The rationale behind reapportionment is the constitutional requirement to achieve equality ofrepresentation among the districts.49 It is with this mindset that the Court should consider Naval’s argument anent having a new set of constituents electing him into office in 2010 and 2013. Naval’s ineligibility to run, by reason of violation of the three-term limit rule, does not undermine the right to equal representation of any of the districts in Camarines Sur. With or without him, the renamed Third District, which he labels as a new set of constituents, would still be represented, albeit by another eligible person.
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POLITICAL LAW CASE DIGESTS 287 HEIRS OF D. MENDOZA v DPWH Gr No 203834; July 9, 2014 Carpio Jr., DOCTRINE: State, consent to be sued ; The general rule is that a state may not be sued, but it may be the subject of a suit if it consents to be sued, either expressly or impliedly. There is express consent when a law so provides, while there is implied consent when the State enters into a contract or it itself commences litigation. This Court explained that in order to determine implied waiver when the State or its agency entered into a contract, there is a need to distinguish whether the contract was entered into in its governmental or proprietary capacity.
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