Criminology Lecture Notes3

Is the most should withhold more because people dont

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–4. Sign up to view the full content.

is the most – should withhold more because people don’t see that as loss . Wide Model of Rational Choice . Based on actual utility – assesses situation based on past experiences -- Person behaves in the same way as in the past because crime seems to be successful . Looks at the delinquents present experiences – Delinquency had actual utility in the present model – delinquency can alleviate negative emotions (person experiencing blocked goals) – . Bounded Rationality : There are many influences that may limit a person’s behavior . Ex. Gun Murderers . Triggering Effect – if a person has a gun, they will shoot someone just cause its there . Instrumentality effect – lethality of guns – a gun makes a difference between a simple assault and murder . Intent effect – A person kills because they want to see someone dead – a person will use what they have to commit a murder – Even when there is an intent to kill, people don’t use guns because their rationality is bounded . Ex. Switzerland – Guns are bounded by civic service responsibility – guns are only supposed to be used in serving the army . Ex. Australian aborigines – have a very high murder rate but only 1 in 15 aborigines murders are committed with firearm – have lots of guns because of hunting but don’t consider using it for killing – young boys learn that guns are only supposed to be used for hunting – therefore, their rationality is bound . Rational choice theory shows that criminals are not nuts – they are thinking rationally – how variety of influences shape people’s thoughts Lecture 3/19/2012 . Sutherland: Differential Association Theory . Edwin H. Sutherland (1883-1950)
Image of page 2

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

. Mechanistic/Situational theory . Put people in a context and because of mechanistic cause/effect reason, they become criminals . If people in a situation of anomie, that situation of anomie causes crime . Most sociology is a mechanistic/situational theory . Historical/Genetic Theory . Traces back through time to the very source of that behavior – looks at long-term process by which attitude/behavior pattern develops – tells a story . Sutherland presents a differential association theory that is a historical/genetic type . Propositional theory – precisely stated – propositions are scientific statements – deductive theory (big statement about the world, reality) and tries to unpack that statement (looks at everything that statement encompasses, entails, implies) – presents detailed account of a statement . Sutherland’s propositions of differential association . Criminal behavior is learned – doesn’t happen spontaneously, it has to be learned . Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication . People learn crime from other people, not books/magazines – Sutherland did not believe that people could learn from media, but rather other people . Process of Communication – could involve explicit teaching . Communication of Gestures – Interaction involving gestures and other more subtle forms of communication .
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern