Criminology Lecture Notes3

Is the most should withhold more because people dont

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
is the most – should withhold more because people don’t see that as loss . Wide Model of Rational Choice . Based on actual utility – assesses situation based on past experiences -- Person behaves in the same way as in the past because crime seems to be successful . Looks at the delinquents present experiences – Delinquency had actual utility in the present model – delinquency can alleviate negative emotions (person experiencing blocked goals) – . Bounded Rationality : There are many influences that may limit a person’s behavior . Ex. Gun Murderers . Triggering Effect – if a person has a gun, they will shoot someone just cause its there . Instrumentality effect – lethality of guns – a gun makes a difference between a simple assault and murder . Intent effect – A person kills because they want to see someone dead – a person will use what they have to commit a murder – Even when there is an intent to kill, people don’t use guns because their rationality is bounded . Ex. Switzerland – Guns are bounded by civic service responsibility – guns are only supposed to be used in serving the army . Ex. Australian aborigines – have a very high murder rate but only 1 in 15 aborigines murders are committed with firearm – have lots of guns because of hunting but don’t consider using it for killing – young boys learn that guns are only supposed to be used for hunting – therefore, their rationality is bound . Rational choice theory shows that criminals are not nuts – they are thinking rationally – how variety of influences shape people’s thoughts Lecture 3/19/2012 . Sutherland: Differential Association Theory . Edwin H. Sutherland (1883-1950)
Image of page 2

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
. Mechanistic/Situational theory . Put people in a context and because of mechanistic cause/effect reason, they become criminals . If people in a situation of anomie, that situation of anomie causes crime . Most sociology is a mechanistic/situational theory . Historical/Genetic Theory . Traces back through time to the very source of that behavior – looks at long-term process by which attitude/behavior pattern develops – tells a story . Sutherland presents a differential association theory that is a historical/genetic type . Propositional theory – precisely stated – propositions are scientific statements – deductive theory (big statement about the world, reality) and tries to unpack that statement (looks at everything that statement encompasses, entails, implies) – presents detailed account of a statement . Sutherland’s propositions of differential association . Criminal behavior is learned – doesn’t happen spontaneously, it has to be learned . Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication . People learn crime from other people, not books/magazines – Sutherland did not believe that people could learn from media, but rather other people . Process of Communication – could involve explicit teaching . Communication of Gestures – Interaction involving gestures and other more subtle forms of communication .
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern