67. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the "greatest graces" are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. 75. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God -- this is madness. 76. We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. Document Discussion Questions – 1. What does Luther say is the true treasure of the church? The true treasure of the church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God. 2. What does Luther say about buying pardons (indulgences)? Buying pardons is a matter of free will and not of the commandment. 3. Judging from all of these, what is Luther’s opinion on the position of the pope? Martin Luther condemns the pope and thinks pardoning sin is madness. 4. Rather than buying pardons, people should spend their money on what? People should be lending the money to the poor and helping the needy. 5. Does Luther believe a Christian has to have a pardon to be forgiven? What DOES a Christian need? Luther does not believe that Christians should be pardones and he believes that they need to repent. 6. What can papal pardons do (or not do) according to Martin Luther? Pardons are incapable of removing the guilt of a sin. 7. After reading all of these do you feel whether the pope had just cause to excommunicate Luther form the church?
I think he had a just cause because Luther was disagreeing with everything he said and threatening his power, therefore he should not have been in the church. 8. What does Luther’s motivation seem to be after reading excerpts from his controversial text? Luther wanted to tell people that the pope was selling deception unto them and that they should stop spending their money.
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