However the third party strategy was not a strong way

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abolition of the pinker tons, among other things. However, thethird party strategy was not a strong way to win an election.With a system of "winner take all", a third party almost neverwins because another, stronger party that is most closelyrelated will adopt the third party's policies. The election of1896 displayed this when Mckinley ran against Willian JenningsBryan, with Mckinley coming out on top.ProgressivismProgressivism- It's a movement primarily (though there was a party in 1912) that saw political parties are corrupt and controlled by special interests. One of their aims was to weaken political parties. Those in this movement took part in muckraking, which was basically airing corruption. They thought by displaying these problems that people would become aware and do something about it. Some examples of these people are Ida Wells and Upton Sinclair. They were against trusts and other corrupt business practices. Business regulation and new election rules were changed as a result.Business regulation- Pure Food and Drug Act was created as a result of The Jungle. Instead of causing a change in workers' rights as Sinclair had intended, they now were regulating the food industry for public health reasons. The Anti-Trust movement was a major part of the progressive movement's goals. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 made monopolistic behavior illegal. but it was not properly enforced. In fact, the act's language was twisted and used against Unions. TheClayton Act was more effective. The Act actually explicitly stated that Unions were not the Act's intended target.
28FEB2012Midterm Exam Prep7BProgressivism1. Conservation movement3.Progressivism was part of the expansion of national parks and forests4.Sierra club- founded in 1892 by john muir is an example. 5.During this movement the national park service established 9 national parks2.Progressive party-Progressives wanted-to weaken political parties because they were the source of corruption. -to dissolve this unholy alliance between corrupt business and corrupt politics-labor and social reforms like workmens compensation-business reforms: anti-trust laws, regulation of banks, transformation of the tax system.- Wilson won the election and was a progressive on labor issues.3.Reforming the city-Reforming of the city occurred in 4 venues: housing, industry, and zoning and municipal reform. -A. Housing- Problem: -no running water, gas, electricity, indoor plumbing. -narrow lots in between buildings with only two windows, one in the front and one in the back of the building- Reform:-1879: every room was required to have a window. An air schaft was created where you were looking right into your neighbor’s window-1901- minimum room sizes, indoor bathrooms for every 2 families, and courtyards-B. Industry-chicago meat packing-workmens compensation-big successes-w/out if you got hurt on the job you would have to sue your employer personallly. -C. Zoning-1916 NY City Zoning Ordinance-regulated land use and set height limits requiring that light got into streets and bulk limits requiring open space-D. Municipal Reform-

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